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Re: Systematic Word Relationships (Was: Arabic and BACK and a whole lot of other things.)

From:Jim Henry <jimhenry1973@...>
Date:Monday, December 26, 2005, 17:22
On 12/23/05, Gary Shannon <fiziwig@...> wrote:
> --- Jim Henry <jimhenry1973@...> wrote: > > > On 12/21/05, Gary Shannon <fiziwig@...> wrote: > > > --- Jim Henry <jimhenry1973@...> wrote: > > > > > > Method, system, way of doing action: > > > > > > > > to fight -> martial art, fighting style > > > > to program -> programming methodology
> > > I added this as an enumeration since there are > > more > > > than one system or method.
> > OK. I intended this as a way of deriving a > > _general_ term for all such fighting styles,
> Ah, yes. I see. I'm thinking this goes in one > directiong as a single relationship (karate->fight) > but in the opposite direction it seems like an > enumaeration to me. One could also say that "[French]" > is a "style" of "language", so I'm not sure how to
Maybe "language" could be derived from "to speak" with the same affix or vowel pattern or what-have-you that derives "martial art" from "to fight", "programming methodology" from "to code", etc. You could have a couple of different verbs "to write" (physical) & "to write" (literary), & derive words for "script style" & "literary style" from them.
> > Each of these derivation patterns is of the form > > ( specifier prefix ) + ( root ) + ( person suffix ) > > + (noun ending)
> > So: > > land-o : country > > land-an-o : citizen, inhabitant > > sam-land-an-o : inhabitant of the same country > > ali-land-an-o : inhabitant of another country
> Again, these look like compounds of multiple words > rather than derrivations from a single word. I haven't > started adressing those yet.
Yes; one could consider them circumfixes in a sense, but that's probably not the most linguistically sound way of describing them. More aptly, they are compounding patterns -- methods that form many useful compounds from a certain pair of morphemes plus a varying third morpheme. Similarly, one could enumerate various ways that compounding of two roots might work: 1. a HEAD which has quality MODIFIER (e.g. bluebird) 2. a HEAD originating from MODIFIER 3. an equal or roughly equal mixture of HEAD and MODIFIER materials 4. mostly HEAD with a little MODIFIER mixed in (e.g. carbon-iron => steel, salt-water => saline) 5. a HEAD made of MODIFIER material etc...... An engelang might have a large set of intra-word conjunctions that disambiguate the way a compound word's modifier-morpheme modifies its head (and, using Tom Chappell's idea, maybe two allomorphs each for those conjunctions, one high-precedence and one low-precedence, for use in compounds of three or more morphemes). -- Jim Henry ...Mind the gmail Reply-to: field