Re: USAGE: Thorn vs Eth
|From:||Muke Tever <alrivera@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, July 9, 2002, 14:28|
From: "John Cowan" <jcowan@...>
> Christophe Grandsire scripsit:
> > Well, the simple fact that there isn't any minimal pair between /T/ and /D/,
> A few: "thigh" vs. "thy" is the one usually given. But certainly the
> functional load is very low, as shown by this model:
> Initial "th" is /D/ in closed-class words only;
The counter-problem with thigh/thy, all initial /D/, and the final /D/ with and
without silent "e" following is that they all cross morpheme boundaries. The
morphemes are not free-standing words (or usually recognized by native
speakers), but they indicate meaning nonetheless--there's the
second-person-familiar and the deictic (which is also in 'either' etc.)
> Intervocalic "th" is /D/ except in words of Greek origin;
> Final "th" is /D/ if a silent "e" follows, and in some pron. of "with";
> All other "th" is /T/.
> (Anglophones, I'd be interested to hear of exceptions.)
When affecting a lisp, /s/ becomes /T/, even intervocalically.
I was *going* to say "zither", but that one turns out to be ultimately from
Greek anyway. And that I thought "mathom" was /"m(Tm=/ doesn't count either, I
"prithee" sometimes has /T/, depending on idiolect. "pithy" and other -th-y
always do (but then, there's another morpheme boundary there).