|From:||Tim May <butsuri@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, October 15, 2005, 1:28|
Henrik Theiling wrote at 2005-10-15 00:57:47 (+0200)
> tomhchappell <tomhchappell@...> writes:
> > King Sejong's Hangeul system for Korean is supposed to be a
> > featurography, but I don't think it really is.
> Hmm?? Errm, how close a look did you have? The layout of the vowel
> letters (almost!) looks like an IPA vowel space map and the consonants
> are also obviously assigned by POA plus consonant modifications
> (e.g. 'plus one stroke') do the same thing to different letters
> (e.g. add voicing). It's strange to me that you say that that system
> is not really featural. It looks surprisingly featural to me and also
> very constructed.
Indeed, there's very definitely a featural basis to the script, though
the underlying analysis isn't necessarily the one we would make. Look
at the consonant grid below, for example. I don't know nearly enough
about Hangul, but I think I've captured the basic idea behind the
letters, and the graphical relationships are obvious (they're less
clear in the labial column than elsewhere, so don't start there).
I hope this actually comes out legible.
labial coronal sib. velar null
-plosive ㅁ ㄴ ㅅ ㅇ
/m/ /n/ /s/ zero, /N/
+plosive ㅂ ㄷ ㅈ ㄱ ㆆ (archaic)
/p/ /t/ /tS/ /k/ /?/
+plosive+fortis ㅃ ㄸ ㅉ ㄲ
/p*/ /t*/ /tS*/ /k*/
+plosive+aspiration ㅍ ㅌ ㅊ ㅋ ㅎ
/p_h/ /t_h/ /tS_h/ /k_h/ /h/
For more information see the Wikipedia page: