Re: a query
|From:||Raymond Brown <ray.brown@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, October 1, 2000, 18:34|
At 8:09 am +0100 1/10/00, Raymond Brown wrote:
>The basic unit was the _iu:gerum_ (an interesting word in that, tho [snip]
>UK). It was 28 000 square Roman feet, i.e. 240 pedes * 120 pedes.
>Smaller areas were measured in _pede:s quadra:ti:_ (square feet).
OOps! On checking, I find that the _iu:gerum_ was also divided into 12
_u:nciae_. Thus an uncia of land was 2400 square Roman feet.
_pede:s quadra:ti:_ would be used for the sort of areas that are
traditionally measured in square feet or square yards now.
>Hope this helps. I'm afraid I don't recall the measures of capacity
Got it now :)
The basic unit is, of course, the 'pint' :)
What's more it was only slightly less than the Imperial pint - the Roman
one was about 565 ml, and the Imperial pint is 568 ml or 20 fluid ounces;
the American pint (16 fluid ounces) is 551 ml. The Roman pint was divided
into 12, but the unit this time was not called unciae, but _cyathi:_ .
however, it wasn't quite so neat because as well borrowing the Greek
_cyathus_, they also borrowed the _he:mina_, i.e. "half pint". Thus:
6 cyathi: = 1 he:mina
2 he:minae = 1 sexta:rius (pint)
That was the same for both liquid & dry measure; what happened after that
LIQUID MEASURE DRY MEASURE
6 sexta:rii: = 1 congius 16 sextarii: = 1 modius
8 congii: = 1 amphora 6 modii: = 1 medimnus
(In the above all words ending in -a are 1st. fem, and those in -us 2nd.
masc. _Modius_ and _medimnus_ were sometimes treated as neuter, i.e.
_modium_ and _medimnum
A mind which thinks at its own expense
will always interfere with language.
[J.G. Hamann 1760]