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Gaelic names (was: names in conlangs)

From:Thomas Leigh <thomas@...>
Date:Thursday, June 8, 2006, 23:18
Sgrìobh Elliott Lash:
> The _i_ is a mark of palatalization on the following > consonant: > > Donnchadh mac Fearchair /donxa mak fjarxarj/ > Fearchar mac Domhnaill /fjarxar mak do~nalj/ > > (note that that's VERY approximate, don't quote me on > the pronunciation of the final <-dh> and the > pronunciation of the double <n> or <l>. Also, <j> is > meant to show palatalization and probably should be > written differently in sampa, maybe r_j, f_j, l_j.
You've missed the lenition; masculine names are both lenited and slenderized in the genitive: Donnchadh MacFhearchair ["d_tOn_t@x@G ma~x"k_hE4@x@D] "Duncan Farquharson", lit. "Donald son of Farquhar" Fearchar MacDhòmhnaill ["fE4@x@4 ma~x"kO~@L] "Farquhar MacDonald", lit. "Farquhar son of Donald" (note: separately, "mac"=[ma~xk] and "Dhòmhnaill"=["GO~@L], but when put together the initial [G] almost always drops in pronunciation.) I've also gone phonetic rather than phonemic here; slender (palatalized) r is widely realized as [D], and the labials (in this case, the f in _Fearchar) do not have palatalized variants in Scottish Gaelic (though I believe they still do in Irish). Also note that the n in the name Dòmhnall is silent in modern Scottish Gaelic, and there are so-called epenthetic vowels in nch (in Donnchadh) and rch) (Fearchar), i.e. /nx/ and /rx/ are realized [n_t@x] and [4@x]. And that, boys and girls, is today's Gaelic lesson. :-) Tòmas


Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>