a question of terminology
|From:||Boudewijn Rempt <bsarempt@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, April 25, 1999, 8:42|
I'm currently busy working on my new grammer of the Denden language,
and I am having a slight problem of terminology, and I was hoping that
you could help me out.
As I have mentioned before, there is a category of verbal affixes in Denden
that is difficult to define. They all occur in the same slot in the
simplex verb, and have complementary distribution, so I'd like to put
them in the same category.
Currently I am considering calling these affixes modal affixes,
aspectivizers or qualifiers. The first term would agree with the usage
in Palmers' Mood and Modality, and is certainly applicable to the
imperative and optative affixes.
Terming these affixes aspectivizers would agree with van Driem's
terminology in his grammar of Dumi. Dumi has among others a _frolicsome_
aspectivizer, which describes 'the sense of hopping about, frisking about,
Rutgers, in his excellent grammar of Yamphu, has a category
of qualifiers, with for instance an _exhortative_.
Denden has the following suffixes in this category (with provisional
-hau IMP imperative
-do OPT optative
-men AFF affective: the subject of the verb stands in an amatory
relation to the object; the speaker loves the hearer or the
hearer loves the speaker, the speaker loves either the subject
or the object of the verb.
-yara DSP despising: same range as <-men> but indicates despising.
-ju CRT certainty: the speaker is certain that the sentence is
-zo FLT flattering
I hope you all have some ideas :-).
Boudewijn Rempt | www.xs4all.nl/~bsarempt