Re: Newest natlang?
|Date:||Wednesday, October 1, 2008, 18:13|
> > And Dutch is great for Germanic stuff, especially in math and
> > linguistics. E.g. _raaklijn_ 'tangent'. Ok, 'lijn' isn't
> > originally Germanic, and I do not know the cognate of 'raken' in
> > English (for 'to touch'). Maybe 'to reach' (but the sound shifts
> > are not obvious to me)? Then _reachstroke_ could be a tangent.
> Michael Poxon <mike@...> wrote:
> As an antecedent of "raak" how about 'rake' in English? In the sense
> of both the garden implement (which essentially 'rakes' straight
> lines in the soil) and the expression 'to rake' one's fingernails
> across a hard surface (a blackboard is the classic example, when
> you get that awful scraping noise!!) All these have in common the
> production of a very thin, hard line.
The PIE root *reg- (move-, direct-, -in a straight line) gives
English (through *rog- in Germanic) the word "rake,"
(German "rechen") the garden implement not because of the lines it
makes in the soil, but because it consists of straight pieces of
wood. So I don't see "raak" and "rake" as being related.
PIE *reig- gives "reach" and "rigid" (German "reichen").
I assume that "raken" means "touch." A perfect word to use
for "tangent." What is the word for "secant"? Perhaps "through-
line"? Cassell's German Dictionary gives only "Tangente," but does
give "Schnittlinie" for secant.
Interestingly, there is in English a homophone "rake" which
means "inclined, slanted, etc.," as in a raked stage. Its origin is
All of this from the AHD.