Voice and dynamicity
|From:||Aidan Grey <taalenmaple@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, November 27, 2005, 22:20|
After reading some more of Morneau's LS, and with input from you folks, I've come up
with a tentative arrangement of voice dynamics for Taalen. I wondered if you
could give me some input on the arrangement I have at the moment.
Verbs are polysynthetic, as in many Native American langs. There is a specific
marker in one of the "slots" for voice, with active marked by a null affix.
These markers indicate the nature of the subject. In Morneau's terms, they
indicate the following:
Active: subject is A
Middle: subject is AP
Passive: subject is P
None of these address the nature of the object (except middle, obviously) or
the presence of Morneau's Focus. I think the arrangement is pretty simple, and
logical (though logic is not a real consideration - this is not a loglang). In
addition verbs can take affixes indicating a static or dynamic situation (I am
blue vs. I am becoming blue, respectively, or I carry (habitually) vs. I am
starting to carry - I think).
One of the verbs that would have the Passive affix is "heal", where the
subject is actually a patient of the verb. But this isn't really a passive, in
the traditional sense; that would mean something like "is healed".
So the question: what should my "passive" be called? Is there already a term
for this? And what would a likely method for creating a traditional passive be?
I already have a methodology for creating stative verbs (no adjectives in
Taalen, just stative verbs). For example, to bear "rag-" (an active verb)
creates the stative verb "raede-", which corresponds to a past participle
carried or borne. Intuition says that"'is borne' is not the same as a true
passive. With the heal verb example, the passive "pal-" would have the stative
form "palle-", which emphasizes the state of having been cured, as opposed to
the process of being cured by someone else. Could the static/dynamic
distinction be involved at all, to clarify?
Thanks for your help!
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