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conlang servey (fwd)

From:Mau Rauszer <maurauser@...>
Date:Saturday, October 26, 2002, 4:32
Zesefde Mau Rauszer   <maurauser@...> ta 2002.10.26. her 06:15:18 +2h:

Heather Rice  <florarroz@...> 2002.10.24. 20:16:11 -7h-kor írta:
> > Language name,
Long Wer
> creator's name,
Mau Rauser - Ábrahám Zsófia
> realative date of creation (just any old number will do),
> country and first language of creator,
Hungary, Hungarian
>purpose of conlang
An offshoot of my long, long novel and civilization & artlang
> Phonetics: number of consonants,
> number of vowels,
10 or if I count 'em differently, 12
> presence of nasalization,
only for some consonants especially stops
> tone and how many,
None :)
> where the accent generally falls.
Well, on the first long syllabe or the second-to last syllabe if there isn't any.
> Morphemes: presence of allomorphs,
not yet
> assimilation,
in a few cases. Dissimilation is more usual.
> prefixes, suffixes, infixes,
A lot of them. They're the spirit of LW.
> suprafixation, dicontinuation, exclusion, total > fusion, subtraction, reduplication.
If suprafixation is the way of splitting words and prefix them to another so it is a very usual word forming feature of LW.
> Is the conlang agglutinating, isolating or fusional?
Aggluginating to the end. But sometimes fusional (especially for gender)
> Nouns and such: subclasses of nouns (common/proper, > abstract, things that may not be expressed explicitly > in affixes),
Not really.
> presence of cases and how many and what > kind,
Eight cases (the indo-european ones: nominative, accusative, genitive, locative, sociative, dative, ablative and vocative). The cases' meaning can be smoothened by affixes.
> kind of possession (alienable, inalienable, no > distinction, etc.)
no distinction
> presence of gender, number,
Two natural gender (with a kind of animistical sense) Three numbers: singular, dual, plural. The dual number is full-featured it is not restricted or so.
> articles,
Only definite 'ta'.
> demostratives,
Two demonstratives for 'this' and 'that', treated as nouns independently, can be aggluginated as a normal noun. They are often prefixed to the word. Eg.: qembili = qe+mbili "this+thing"
> adjectives,
Full-featured class, not noun-subset, not verb-subset. Has its own aggluginating system.
> quantatives.
Numerals? Well LW have a lot of them. It also has its own aggluginating sytem. It has affixes to express "xx times", "xxth" etc.
> Are comparatives expressed by affix, word order or both?
Affixes. LW have five degrees of comparative including comparative, superlative, augmentative and diminutive. ( The last two ones are for the ideas of something is lesser or more of a group. )
> Do pronouns express gender, number, declension?
Number and declension always, gender is expressed only in 3rd person.
> Are there indefinite pronouns, possessed pronouns?
> Others?
interrogative, relative, general (every, any, no), reflexive.
> Are prepositions bound, unbound? How many > prepositons (approximate).
Under 10 (excluding directions).
> Presence of clitics. Is > derivational morphology mostly by compounding words or > by affix or both?
Both. In the past (before the last four thousand years) derivation was more common but for now, compounding became a bit more important.
> Verbs and such: > Are person, number, object expressed with the verb?
All of them.
> Are there static verbs (to be)?
Yes. But it is sometimes skippable.
> Is the object incorporated into the person marker (making a > phonetically different affix like in the Native > American languages)?
> Is transitivity marked for > transitive, intransitive, bitransitive or other?
Transitiveness is marked.
> Is the person inclusive, exclusive, no distiction?
No dist.
> Kind of gender. Are past, present, future expressed?
Only natural. Yes, all of them.
> Recent, remote?
> Is mode express, what kind?
Imperative if it's a mood
> Is voice expressed? What kind?
Passive with a separate affix.
> Manner? Aspect? Please list > what kinds of manner and aspect the conlang expresses > in its verbs.
Well: there are evidentality (4 degrees: suppose, hearsay, [unmarked], experience), perfection (for completed actions), continouity, habituality
> Presence of adverbs, pro-drop.
They are but most of they are just derived frm adjectives. there are quite a few adverbs. Nouns also can be treated as adverbs.
> Can nouns, adjectives, adverbs be changed to verbs and > vice versa?
Yes but it requires special affiction.
> Presence of adjective, adverbial clauses and relative > pronouns.
There are adjectives. Relative pronoun family is: taqe.
> Sentences: > Does the conlang have an ergative or accusative > system?
Accusative I think.
> Word order and is it free or strict?
Free for poets, strict for the speakers.
> Are adjectives, adverbs and prepositions before or after > the modified word?
LW is absolutely head-first. Prepositions are before he head but adj, and adv follows head.
> Is the word order changed in a > question?
> How many (approximately) conjugations are there?
One and only :) Of course there are irregularities.
> Other: > What is the number base for the numeral system (10? > 12?)?
Fours but they have basic numbers to 16.
> Presence of idioms, irregular forms of nouns > and verbs.
There aren't so much idiom yet but the language wil have a lot of them. Irregularities aren't a major feature of LW but there are some weird forms (usually remained from my earliest LW forms [Archaic Meyadhew]).
> Is the language syntax very predictable, > or are there many exceptions?
Syntax is predictable but gives a lot of freedom.
> How much literature has been produced and what kind (I'm not talking about > translations, but stuff you wrote yourself).
Well. I wrote my diary in an archaic form of LW (now totally redesigned) for a year and I will continue it. So tis means a lot of literature. And I'm not talking about a series of cat myths I wrote in LW. Now the number of translations and original LW texts are ~equal but I hope I soon will have more original texts than translations.
> Is there a history and dictionary of the conlang?
Because a major redesign of LW in June 2002 I have to invent a brand new vocabulary the dictionary is not finished yet.
> Script invented?
A script similar to Egyptian hieroglyphs. Elaborate, calligraphic and beautifiul!
>Other conlangs produced by the creator of this one.
Meyadhew (under a major redesign) and some other unnamed animal language sketches.
> If you could summarize your conlang in a sentence, > what would you write?
The music of Quenya, the expression power of Hungarian, a taste of Egyptian and the Mind of Cat, my dreams about a beautiful language (which one is often called odd by non-conlangers so I know it can't fit everybody's taste before anyone can tell me I'm so self-important)
> On my servey, I knew I couldn't possibly cover > everything that conlangs will be, so I included a long > notes section. If you want to provide any other > information about the conlang, just keep typing!
Note: It is definitely a priori, with a little Middle Egyptian basic vocabulary tormented and some words from other languages I thought they are beautiful but with no regard of the original meaning. -- Mau Ábrahám Zsófia alias Mau Rauszer | | "Yú lawe ta mau yibali taqe amissi qi ú neb dagu tawiy iq." -- Kipling