conlang servey (fwd)
|From:||Mau Rauszer <maurauser@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, October 26, 2002, 4:32|
Zesefde Mau Rauszer <maurauser@...> ta 2002.10.26. her 06:15:18 +2h:
Heather Rice <florarroz@...> 2002.10.24. 20:16:11 -7h-kor írta:
> Language name,Long Wer
> creator's name,Mau Rauser - Ábrahám Zsófia
> realative date of creation (just any old number will do),2000
> country and first language of creator,Hungary, Hungarian
>purpose of conlangAn offshoot of my long, long novel and civilization & artlang
> Phonetics: number of consonants,~30
> number of vowels,10 or if I count 'em differently, 12
> presence of nasalization,only for some consonants especially stops
> tone and how many,None :)
> where the accent generally falls.Well, on the first long syllabe or the second-to last syllabe if there isn't any.
> Morphemes: presence of allomorphs,not yet
> assimilation,in a few cases. Dissimilation is more usual.
> prefixes, suffixes, infixes,A lot of them. They're the spirit of LW.
> suprafixation, dicontinuation, exclusion, total
> fusion, subtraction, reduplication.If suprafixation is the way of splitting words and prefix them to another so it
is a very usual word forming feature of LW.
> Is the conlang agglutinating, isolating or fusional?Aggluginating to the end. But sometimes fusional (especially for gender)
> Nouns and such: subclasses of nouns (common/proper,
> abstract, things that may not be expressed explicitly
> in affixes),Not really.
> presence of cases and how many and what
> kind,Eight cases (the indo-european ones: nominative, accusative, genitive, locative, sociative,
dative, ablative and vocative). The cases' meaning can be smoothened by affixes.
> kind of possession (alienable, inalienable, no
> distinction, etc.)no distinction
> presence of gender, number,Two natural gender (with a kind of animistical sense)
Three numbers: singular, dual, plural. The dual number is full-featured it is not restricted or so.
> articles,Only definite 'ta'.
> demostratives,Two demonstratives for 'this' and 'that', treated as nouns independently, can be
aggluginated as a normal noun.
They are often prefixed to the word. Eg.: qembili = qe+mbili "this+thing"
> adjectives,Full-featured class, not noun-subset, not verb-subset. Has its own aggluginating system.
> quantatives.Numerals? Well LW have a lot of them. It also has its own aggluginating sytem.
It has affixes to express "xx times", "xxth" etc.
> Are comparatives expressed by affix, word order or both?Affixes. LW have five degrees of comparative including comparative, superlative,
augmentative and diminutive.
( The last two ones are for the ideas of something is lesser or more of a group. )
> Do pronouns express gender, number, declension?Number and declension always, gender is expressed only in 3rd person.
> Are there indefinite pronouns, possessed pronouns?Yes.
> Others?interrogative, relative, general (every, any, no), reflexive.
> Are prepositions bound, unbound? How many
> prepositons (approximate).Under 10 (excluding directions).
> Presence of clitics. Is
> derivational morphology mostly by compounding words or
> by affix or both?Both. In the past (before the last four thousand years) derivation was more common
but for now, compounding
became a bit more important.
> Verbs and such:
> Are person, number, object expressed with the verb?All of them.
> Are there static verbs (to be)?Yes. But it is sometimes skippable.
> Is the object incorporated into the person marker (making a
> phonetically different affix like in the Native
> American languages)?No.
> Is transitivity marked for
> transitive, intransitive, bitransitive or other?Transitiveness is marked.
> Is the person inclusive, exclusive, no distiction?No dist.
> Kind of gender. Are past, present, future expressed?Only natural. Yes, all of them.
> Recent, remote?Historical.
> Is mode express, what kind?Imperative if it's a mood
> Is voice expressed? What kind?Passive with a separate affix.
> Manner? Aspect? Please list
> what kinds of manner and aspect the conlang expresses
> in its verbs.Well: there are evidentality (4 degrees: suppose, hearsay, [unmarked], experience),
perfection (for completed actions), continouity, habituality
> Presence of adverbs, pro-drop.They are but most of they are just derived frm adjectives. there are quite a few adverbs.
Nouns also can be treated as adverbs.
> Can nouns, adjectives, adverbs be changed to verbs and
> vice versa?Yes but it requires special affiction.
> Presence of adjective, adverbial clauses and relative
> pronouns.There are adjectives. Relative pronoun family is: taqe.
> Does the conlang have an ergative or accusative
> system?Accusative I think.
> Word order and is it free or strict?Free for poets, strict for the speakers.
> Are adjectives, adverbs and prepositions before or after
> the modified word?LW is absolutely head-first. Prepositions are before he head but adj, and adv follows head.
> Is the word order changed in a
> How many (approximately) conjugations are there?One and only :) Of course there are irregularities.
> What is the number base for the numeral system (10?
> 12?)?Fours but they have basic numbers to 16.
> Presence of idioms, irregular forms of nouns
> and verbs.There aren't so much idiom yet but the language wil have a lot of them.
Irregularities aren't a major feature of LW but there are some weird forms
(usually remained from my earliest LW forms [Archaic Meyadhew]).
> Is the language syntax very predictable,
> or are there many exceptions?Syntax is predictable but gives a lot of freedom.
> How much literature has been produced and what kind (I'm not talking about
> translations, but stuff you wrote yourself).Well. I wrote my diary in an archaic form of LW (now totally redesigned) for a year
and I will continue it. So tis means a lot of literature. And I'm not talking about a series of
cat myths I wrote in LW. Now the number of translations and original LW texts are ~equal
but I hope I soon will have more original texts than translations.
> Is there a history and dictionary of the conlang?Because a major redesign of LW in June 2002 I have to invent a brand new vocabulary the
dictionary is not finished yet.
> Script invented?A script similar to Egyptian hieroglyphs. Elaborate, calligraphic and beautifiul!
>Other conlangs produced by the creator of this one.Meyadhew (under a major redesign) and some other unnamed animal language sketches.
> If you could summarize your conlang in a sentence,
> what would you write?The music of Quenya, the expression power of Hungarian, a taste of Egyptian and the Mind of Cat,
my dreams about a beautiful language (which one is often called odd by non-conlangers so I know it
can't fit everybody's taste before anyone can tell me I'm so self-important)
> On my servey, I knew I couldn't possibly cover
> everything that conlangs will be, so I included a long
> notes section. If you want to provide any other
> information about the conlang, just keep typing!
Note: It is definitely a priori, with a little Middle Egyptian basic vocabulary
tormented and some words
from other languages I thought they are beautiful but with no regard of the original meaning.
Ábrahám Zsófia alias Mau Rauszer
| http://www.hiaqimau.tk |
"Yú lawe ta mau yibali taqe amissi qi ú neb dagu tawiy iq." -- Kipling