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Unknown pronoun

From:Remi Villatel <maxilys@...>
Date:Tuesday, July 11, 2006, 23:54
Hi there,

(Note: For the Unicode-impaired, I used the Umlaut instead of the macron.)

I just "discovered" an interesting pronoun in the shaquean grammar:
/yoç(a)/ [woCa] --where (a) is a case marking.

First a little precision about the use of the personal names in
Shaquelingua: A personal name always has the value "thou" (singular you)
for the person in question and "ey" (epicene) for any third person
involved in the discussion. For example, I'm in a group of several
people, one of them is named Koölija. Without looking at nor addressing
anybody, if I say:

-- /pre söle tlivë ba te KoölijA ?/

Koölija will hear:

-- What did thou do, Koölija?

And any other person:

-- What did Koölija do?

If Koölija answers the first, ey may say, for example:

-- /be keoçaj kyö xili të'_kja_./

-- _I_ went to the sea.

If another person answers, ey will say:

-- /be keoçaj kyö xili të'_yoça_./

-- _Ey/Thou_ went to the sea.

So this is a direct answer to the one who asked the question and also a
direct address to Koölija, in order not to exclude em from the conversation.

Another example:

1st parent:	-- /pre söle tlivë ba të loöki ? perë'_yoça_ ?/
Child:		-- /ri govilä kibo, je söle sublu të'_çaki_./
2nd parent:	-- /yöjä vifliçku : petë'yoça./
Child:		-- /tiyö'_kja_./


1st parent: 	-- What did (thou) do, kiddo? Did _thou/ey_ work well?
Child:		-- **Some friends and I, _we_ met.
2nd parent:	-- According to the teacher, _ey/thou_ worked well.
Child:		-- _I_ always do.

So far, I call /yoça/ a singular anaphoric personal pronoun. It belongs
to the closed class of substitutive (anaphoric/cataphoric) pronouns
which also contains an impersonal substitutive pronoun.

Questions: Waddyathink? ANADEW?

/ja tö bärëje./ [ja: tO b3XEje] (= There'll be another time.)

Remi Villatel


Jim Henry <jimhenry1973@...>