The clitics of Anyi Creole
|From:||John Cowan <jcowan@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, December 6, 2001, 15:51|
Anyi Creole uses clitics to express its six verbal aspects. There is
also a clitic 3rd-person agreement marker cum pronoun, and a
clitic transitivity marker. Here is how it's done:
Realis perfective: no marker:
wo go 'I went, I have gone'
Realis imperfective: enclitic "in":
"wo go-in" 'I am going, I was going"
Irrealis perfective: proclitic "wu":
"wo wu-go" 'I might have gone, I will have gone'
Irrealis imperfective: both "wu" and "in":
"wo wu-go-in" 'I might go, I will go'
Negative perfective: proclitic "en":
"wo en-go" 'I didn't go, I haven't gone'
Negative imperfective: proclitic "don":
"wo don-go" 'I'm not going, I won't go"
The 1st and 2nd pronouns wo (excl. pl. women, incl. pl. woyu) and yu
(pl. yumen) are not clitics. The 3rd person pronoun i- (pl. e-)
is proclitic to the verb, and is used even if a full NP appears
i-go 'He/she/it went'
men i-go 'The man went'
The transitivity marker is enclitic "im":
men e-go-im Nuyok 'The men went to New York'
That's all I have so far, except the verb "tsu" 'come'.
Not to perambulate || John Cowan <jcowan@...>
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