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The clitics of Anyi Creole

From:John Cowan <jcowan@...>
Date:Thursday, December 6, 2001, 15:51
Anyi Creole uses clitics to express its six verbal aspects.  There is
also a clitic 3rd-person agreement marker cum pronoun, and a
clitic transitivity marker.  Here is how it's done:

Realis perfective: no marker:
        wo go 'I went, I have gone'
Realis imperfective: enclitic "in":
        "wo go-in" 'I am going, I was going"
Irrealis perfective: proclitic "wu":
        "wo wu-go" 'I might have gone, I will have gone'
Irrealis imperfective: both "wu" and "in":
        "wo wu-go-in" 'I might go, I will go'
Negative perfective: proclitic "en":
        "wo en-go" 'I didn't go, I haven't gone'
Negative imperfective: proclitic "don":
        "wo don-go" 'I'm not going, I won't go"

The 1st and 2nd pronouns wo (excl. pl. women, incl. pl. woyu) and yu
(pl. yumen) are not clitics.  The 3rd person pronoun i- (pl. e-)
is proclitic to the verb, and is used even if a full NP appears
as subject:

        i-go 'He/she/it went'
        men i-go 'The man went'

The transitivity marker is enclitic "im":

        men e-go-im Nuyok 'The men went to New York'

That's all I have so far, except the verb "tsu" 'come'.

Not to perambulate             || John Cowan <jcowan@...>
    the corridors               ||
during the hours of repose     ||
    in the boots of ascension.  \\ Sign in Austrian ski-resort hotel