Re: Nouns from Verbs
|From:||James Worlton <jworlton@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, June 24, 2003, 2:18|
In Orêlynna, nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs can all share the
same root. The difference between nouns and verbs comes in the
endings. Verbs behave inflectionally, nouns behave more
agglutinatively (is that a word? :)) ). That is, the nouns have
morphemes for noun class, number (sing., pl.), and case, as well as an
optional diminutive morpheme in order to be a noun. For example:
Verb Noun Common Root Gloss Verb; Noun
dyneyr dyneþ dyn to have/possess; thing
dalaneyr dalaneþ dalan to give; gift
êlynneyr êlynna êlyn to sing; song
lonayr lonna lon to name; name
So far, this system is entirely regular. For a root to become a verb, a
basic verb suffix is added |-ayr| or |-eyr| (I assign these purely on
aesthetic grounds :) ). The same root can become a noun by adding any
one of the five possible noun-class endings: |-do|=human male;
|-ka|=human female; |-te|=other living; |-eþ|=inanimate objects;
There are some restrictions. I suppose if you wanted to insult someone
and call them a slave you could say |dyndo| if male, |dynka| if female,
|dynhydo| if boy, |dynhyka| if girl... Common sense indicates which
forms are possible, and which are marginal/impossible. However, since
Orêlynna is (will be) a poetic language, many marginal mots may
materialize (sorry, couldn't resist :P ).
 Adjectives and adverbs have their own systems of derivation that
make the root less recognizable than in the noun and verb formations.
 dalanna (the abstract form) is also possible, perhaps to refer to
talents, ESP, etc.
 So you now know what the root of this word means...
"Time flies like an arrow.
Fruit flies like a banana."