Re: Differences between "un" and "opposite"
|From:||Aaron Morse <artlangs@...>|
|Date:||Monday, April 25, 2005, 18:21|
Well, my language is an isolating language currently (it changes a lot :( ).
But there are two particle words, one means not, and one makes a word
opposite. The second one is generally incorporated into the word, because
the word would have developed from the root (say loyalty) and the word
opposite. But the word exists to make a word its opposite if a word does not
exist that defines that.
I think you are using the two exactly correctly :P
On 4/25/05, Gregory Gadow <techbear@...> wrote:
> I was tinkering with my conlang Glörsa last night, going over old notes
> dealing with prefixes. I found out that, very long ago, I had started
> using a prefix that meant "not", similar to English's "un-." Some time
> latter, I introduced a prefix that meant "opposite", similar to
> Esperanto's "mal-." I think they both can be kept, as a way to add some
> subtlety, but I want to check with some of the examples I put together.
> The "un" prefix is "es(a)-" (EsA), the "opposite" prefix is "ül(i)-"
> Take the word "kalöfë" (kAlo'fe), "loyalty." The two prefixes would give
> esakalöfë (EsAkA'lofe) = dispassion (no loyalty; loyalty to nothing)
> ülikalöfë (ulikA'lofe) = treason (the opposite of loyalty)
> With "achsöme" (AtSo'mE), "belief", I get:
> esachsöme (EsA'tSomE) = fear (no hope, hope in nothing)
> ülachsöme (ulA'tSomE) = despair (the opposite of hope)
> I like the distinctions being made, but I'm not sure if I am using them
> correctly. Does anyone else have a conlang with both of these prefixes (or
> suffixes, if your language swings that way?)
> (And let me know if my pronounciation guide is off. I know the IPA symbols
> I want, and was using the guide at http://www.theiling.de/ipa/
> Thanks for your input.
> Gregory Gadow