Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Re: Formation of words from Spanish into Aingeljã

From:Ángel Serrano <aingelja@...>
Date:Saturday, September 28, 2002, 19:29
> I can't help thinking it's looking a bit like a Catalan/Galician mix. > ;) I > could be wrong. I like the look of it, and the sound I expect > will affect > me like the beauty of Portuguese does. :-)> Wesley Parish
You're right. Its main influences come from Spanish, Catalan and Galician-Portuguese, though it also includes influences from French, Italian, German and English. However, the pronunciation is a mixture between Spanish and Catalan. The nasal tildes (~) don't make vowels sound like in Portuguese: they only indicate that an "N" is missing (and not pronounced), and could be needed for forming femenine, plural or derivative words. Adio. Ángel. On Fri, 27 Sep 2002 21:39, Ángel Serrano wrote:> Hi, I send you some basic rules to create words in Aingeljã from their> Spanish version.>> Here we go:>> * -CIÓN => -CJÕ. POSICIÓN => POSICJÕ (position).> * -CIA => -ZA. VALENCIA => VALENZA (Valencia, Spanish city); CODICIABLE =>> CODIZABEL (desiderable). * -AVO, -EVO, -IVO, -OVO => -AU, -EU, -IU, -OU.> YUGOSLAVO => JUGOSLAU (Yugoslavian); NUEVO => NOU (new); ADJETIVO => AJETIU> (adjective). This sometimes happens with other endings: MANCHEGO => MANCHEU> (from La Mancha, Spanish region); GALLEGO => GALEU (Galician). * An L> before consonant usually changes into U: CÁLIDO => CAUDE (warm), ALGUNO = AUCU~ (some); ALMA => AUMA (soul).> * The ending N's in words like MANO (hand), CAMINO (way), DESAYUNO> (breakfast), IMPLICACIÓN (implication), etc, are lost, but the vowels> retain a nasal tilde: MÃ, CHAMI~, DISAIXÕ, IMPLICACJÕ, etc. Their plural is> formed adding -NS (masculine) or -NAS (femenine): MÃNAS, CHAMI~NS,> DISAIXÕNS, IMPLI! CACJÕNAS. * -DAD and other words ending in -AD, -ED, -UD> lose their ending D, but retain a grave tilde (`). UNIVERSIDAD =>> UNIVERSITÀ (university), LIBERTAD => LLUWERTÀ (liberty), MERCED => MERÇÈ> (favour, mercy), VIRTUD => VIRTÙ (virtue). Their plural is formed adding> -TAS: UNIVERSITÀTAS, LLUWERTÀTAS, MERÇÈTAS, VIRTÙTAS (they retain the> tilde). * -CT- => -T-. ACTOR => ATOR (actor); OCHO => OTE (eight).> * -PT- => -IT-. SIETE => SEIT (seven); ACEPTAR => ACEITRE (to accept);> NEPTUNO => NEITU~ (Neptune). * -GN- => -IN-. MAGNÉTICO => MAINETIC> (magnetic).> * -AJE, -EJE, -OJE, -UJE, and in general all the syllables with the sound> /x/ => -AIX, -EIX, -OIX, -UIX, respectively. Ex: LENGUAJE => LANGAIX> (language), ÁGIL => AIXIL (agile), AGUJA => ACUIXA (needle), BAJO => BAIX> (under), HOJA => FOIXA (leave), LIGERO => LEIXER (light). This sometimes> happens with other endings: RUSIA => RUIXJA (Russia), FRESA => FREIXA> (strawberry), JUEZ => JUDJEIX (judge), NIEVE => NJEIX (snow! ), from Latin> Nominative NIX), CROACIA => CRWAIXJA (Croatia), CÁDIX => CAIX (Cadix,> Spanish city). * Soundless consonants which became sound in Spanish are> retained. Ex: AGUJA => ACUIXA (needle); CODO => COT (elbow); CUBRIR =>> COPRÂRE (to cover); TOLEDO => TOLET (Toledo, Spanish city). * In some> Spanish hiatuses, a new D between vowels appears: CREER => CREDRE (to> beleave, and also to create); CAÍDA => CADUTA (fall). * Diminutive -ITO,> -ITA are -ELL, -ELLA: LLUVIA => PLUGGA (rain); CHUBASCO/LLOVIZNA =>> PLUGGELLA (rain shower or "little rain"). * TRANS- => TRAS-. TRANSPORTE =>> TRASPORT (transport).> * IN- => UN- (Germanic influence). IMPOSIBLE => UMPOSIBEL (impossible).> * -BLE => -BEL. INVISIBLE => UNVIDABEL (invisible), from VIDRE = VER (to> see). Also: DIABLO => DJABEL (devil). * -BS- => -S-. ABSOLUTO => ASOLUT> (absolute).> * Many intervocalic V disappear and become W or U. CLAVAR => CLAURE (to> nail), EVA => EWA (Eve, female name), VIVIR => VJURE (to live), UVA ! => UWA> (grape). Sometimes also with B: BEBER => BEURE (to drink). * -IZAR =>> -IÇRE. GENERALIZAR => GGENERALIÇRE (to generalize). The same for many verbs> ending in -ZAR, -CER, -CIR, etc. NACER => NAÇRE (to be born), COCER =>> COÇRE (to cook, to boil), PRODUCIR => PRODUÇRE (to produce), ABRAZAR =>> IMBRAÇRE (to embrace, to hug). * Initial L usually becomes palatal,> especially if Catalan does the same: LÉRIDA => LLERDA (Lérida, Spanish> city, Lleida in Catalan), LENGUA => LLINGWA (tongue), LUGO => LLUC (Lugo,> Spanish city), LECHE => LLAT (milk), LIBRE => LLUR (free). * -ICO, -ICA =>> -IC, -ICA. MECÁNICO => MECANIC (mechanic), BRITÁNICO => BRITANIC (British),> BÉLGICA => BELGGICA (Belgium). * Initial G sometimes becomes palatal (GG),> and sometimes is velar plosive sound: GENIO => GGENN (genius), ALEMANIA =>> GGERMANNA (Germany), GUIPÚZCOA => GIPUSQWA (Guipúzcoa, Spanish city),> GEMELO => GEMELL (twin). * Hiatus ÍA often loses its accent and becomes the> diphthong JA: HUNG! RÍA => HONGRJA (Hungary), ALMERÍA => ALMERJA (Almería,> Spanish city), TURQUÍA => TURCJA (Turkey).>> That's all. Any questions or suggestions??>> Adio.>>>>> Ángel Serrano.> A Pagga doul'Aingeljã - La página del Angeliano - Angelian's Homepage> Ángel Serrano. A Pagga doul'Aingeljã - La página del Angeliano - Angelian's Homepage --------------------------------- Yahoo! Messenger Nueva versión: Webcam, voz, y mucho más ¡Gratis!