Re: Formation of words from Spanish into Aingeljã
|From:||Ángel Serrano <aingelja@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, September 28, 2002, 19:29|
> I can't help thinking it's looking a bit like a Catalan/Galician mix. > ;) I
> could be wrong. I like the look of it, and the sound I expect > will affect
> me like the beauty of Portuguese does. :-)> Wesley Parish
You're right. Its main influences come from Spanish, Catalan and Galician-Portuguese,
though it also includes influences from French, Italian, German and English.
However, the pronunciation is a mixture between Spanish and Catalan. The nasal tildes
(~) don't make vowels sound like in Portuguese: they only indicate that an "N"
is missing (and not pronounced), and could be needed for forming femenine,
plural or derivative words.
On Fri, 27 Sep 2002 21:39, Ángel Serrano wrote:> Hi, I send you some basic rules
to create words in Aingeljã from their> Spanish version.>> Here we go:>> *
-CIÓN => -CJÕ. POSICIÓN => POSICJÕ (position).> * -CIA => -ZA. VALENCIA =>
VALENZA (Valencia, Spanish city); CODICIABLE =>> CODIZABEL (desiderable). *
-AVO, -EVO, -IVO, -OVO => -AU, -EU, -IU, -OU.> YUGOSLAVO => JUGOSLAU
(Yugoslavian); NUEVO => NOU (new); ADJETIVO => AJETIU> (adjective). This
sometimes happens with other endings: MANCHEGO => MANCHEU> (from La Mancha,
Spanish region); GALLEGO => GALEU (Galician). * An L> before consonant usually
changes into U: CÁLIDO => CAUDE (warm), ALGUNO = AUCU~ (some); ALMA => AUMA
(soul).> * The ending N's in words like MANO (hand), CAMINO (way), DESAYUNO>
(breakfast), IMPLICACIÓN (implication), etc, are lost, but the vowels> retain
a nasal tilde: MÃ, CHAMI~, DISAIXÕ, IMPLICACJÕ, etc. Their plural is> formed
adding -NS (masculine) or -NAS (femenine): MÃNAS, CHAMI~NS,> DISAIXÕNS,
CACJÕNAS. * -DAD and other words ending in -AD, -ED, -UD> lose their ending D, but
retain a grave tilde (`). UNIVERSIDAD =>> UNIVERSITÀ (university), LIBERTAD =>
LLUWERTÀ (liberty), MERCED => MERÇÈ> (favour, mercy), VIRTUD => VIRTÙ
(virtue). Their plural is formed adding> -TAS: UNIVERSITÀTAS, LLUWERTÀTAS,
MERÇÈTAS, VIRTÙTAS (they retain the> tilde). * -CT- => -T-. ACTOR => ATOR
(actor); OCHO => OTE (eight).> * -PT- => -IT-. SIETE => SEIT (seven); ACEPTAR
=> ACEITRE (to accept);> NEPTUNO => NEITU~ (Neptune). * -GN- => -IN-.
MAGNÉTICO => MAINETIC> (magnetic).> * -AJE, -EJE, -OJE, -UJE, and in general
all the syllables with the sound> /x/ => -AIX, -EIX, -OIX, -UIX, respectively.
Ex: LENGUAJE => LANGAIX> (language), ÁGIL => AIXIL (agile), AGUJA => ACUIXA
(needle), BAJO => BAIX> (under), HOJA => FOIXA (leave), LIGERO => LEIXER
(light). This sometimes> happens with other endings: RUSIA => RUIXJA (Russia),
FRESA => FREIXA> (strawberry), JUEZ => JUDJEIX (judge), NIEVE => NJEIX (snow!
), from Latin> Nominative NIX), CROACIA => CRWAIXJA (Croatia), CÁDIX => CAIX
(Cadix,> Spanish city). * Soundless consonants which became sound in Spanish
are> retained. Ex: AGUJA => ACUIXA (needle); CODO => COT (elbow); CUBRIR =>>
COPRÂRE (to cover); TOLEDO => TOLET (Toledo, Spanish city). * In some> Spanish
hiatuses, a new D between vowels appears: CREER => CREDRE (to> beleave, and
also to create); CAÍDA => CADUTA (fall). * Diminutive -ITO,> -ITA are -ELL,
-ELLA: LLUVIA => PLUGGA (rain); CHUBASCO/LLOVIZNA =>> PLUGGELLA (rain shower or
"little rain"). * TRANS- => TRAS-. TRANSPORTE =>> TRASPORT (transport).> * IN-
=> UN- (Germanic influence). IMPOSIBLE => UMPOSIBEL (impossible).> * -BLE =>
-BEL. INVISIBLE => UNVIDABEL (invisible), from VIDRE = VER (to> see). Also:
DIABLO => DJABEL (devil). * -BS- => -S-. ABSOLUTO => ASOLUT> (absolute).> *
Many intervocalic V disappear and become W or U. CLAVAR => CLAURE (to> nail),
EVA => EWA (Eve, female name), VIVIR => VJURE (to live), UVA !
=> UWA> (grape). Sometimes also with B: BEBER => BEURE (to drink). * -IZAR =>>
-IÇRE. GENERALIZAR => GGENERALIÇRE (to generalize). The same for many verbs>
ending in -ZAR, -CER, -CIR, etc. NACER => NAÇRE (to be born), COCER =>> COÇRE
(to cook, to boil), PRODUCIR => PRODUÇRE (to produce), ABRAZAR =>> IMBRAÇRE
(to embrace, to hug). * Initial L usually becomes palatal,> especially if
Catalan does the same: LÉRIDA => LLERDA (Lérida, Spanish> city, Lleida in
Catalan), LENGUA => LLINGWA (tongue), LUGO => LLUC (Lugo,> Spanish city), LECHE
=> LLAT (milk), LIBRE => LLUR (free). * -ICO, -ICA =>> -IC, -ICA. MECÁNICO =>
MECANIC (mechanic), BRITÁNICO => BRITANIC (British),> BÉLGICA => BELGGICA
(Belgium). * Initial G sometimes becomes palatal (GG),> and sometimes is velar
plosive sound: GENIO => GGENN (genius), ALEMANIA =>> GGERMANNA (Germany),
GUIPÚZCOA => GIPUSQWA (Guipúzcoa, Spanish city),> GEMELO => GEMELL (twin). *
Hiatus ÍA often loses its accent and becomes the> diphthong JA: HUNG!
RÍA => HONGRJA (Hungary), ALMERÍA => ALMERJA (Almería,> Spanish city), TURQUÍA
=> TURCJA (Turkey).>> That's all. Any questions or suggestions??>> Adio.>>>>>
Ángel Serrano.> A Pagga doul'Aingeljã - La página del Angeliano - Angelian's
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