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Re: This and That (was: Re: Adjectives, Particles, and This...)

From:J Matthew Pearson <pearson@...>
Date:Friday, January 19, 2001, 6:46
Nik Taylor wrote:

> J Matthew Pearson wrote: > > ety aty in physical contact with speaker > > eto ato quite close to speaker, but not touching > > eo ao within the 'immediate domain' of speaker > > eny any outside the 'immediate domain' of speaker > > ery ary very far away from speaker > > What are the other four?
Let's see... [digs through a bunch of articles]... There's _etsy/atsy_ and _eroa/aroa_. The _eroa/aroa_ forms are supposed to be sort of halfway in between _eny/any_ and _ery/ary_: They would be used when the object in question is far from the speaker, but not super far. However, these forms are almost never used: In my 6+ years of working on Malagasy I've never once run across them, either in elicited speech or in texts. Presumably they're either obsolete or belong to a non-standard dialect. The grad student whose work I cited in the last email reported that the native speaker he consulted was unsure how to use the _eroa/aroa_ forms. As for _etsy/atsy_, these forms are sometimes used to contrast the location of one referent with the nearby location of another referent. For example, if I were to say "This book goes *here* [pointing to a space on the shelf] and this other book goes *here* [pointing to another space on the same shelf]", I might use _eo_ in the first case and _etsy_ in the second case. As with _eroa/aroa_, however, these forms are not especially common. By contrast, the ten forms I mentioned in the last email are all in active use. Matt.