Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Re: Roumán Part II - Nouns, Adjectives,and Pronouns

From:Christophe Grandsire <christophe.grandsire@...>
Date:Tuesday, November 28, 2000, 16:23
En réponse à Nik Taylor <fortytwo@...>:

> > Absolutive comes from the nominative, while the ergative is derived from > the ablative. Since ablative was used for agent of passive and > instrumental, I figured it would be likely to become an ergative. >
A nice idea, but I'm wondering about the meaning of verbs. This evolution would mean that all transitive verbs would have a swapping of meaning, from active to "passive", unless the endings you kept where from the passive voice already.
> > So, when talking to an equal or an inferior, you use a nom-acc system > for 1st > > and 2nd persons? And when your talking to a superior, you use an > ergative > > system, but with 3rd person agreement on the verb, for both 1st and > 2nd persons? > > Very neat! :) > > In essence. Hadn't thought of it that way. The 3rd person agreement > was inspired by Spanish _usted(es)_, and the forms by Japanese, which > uses "that direction" for one polite form of "you", and, I think, "this > direction" for a polite form of "I". >
Indeed. That's a nice idea, very plausible and still original :) .
> > > Definite Articles > > Do they come from ipse or from iste? > > Ipse. If they'd come from _iste_, they'd have {c}, since /st/ -> /ts/ > early on, hence, çáu < stare. Much more interesting way of dealing with > those clusters than simply prefixing e-, I think. Unique, too, AFAIK.
I think so. In French, we simply added the adverb "ecce" in front of iste and ille, and then lost the "ec-", which explains forms like (in Old French) cist, cil, cestui, celui, etc... Christophe.