Re: adjectives and adverbs
|Date:||Sunday, June 5, 2005, 2:57|
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, Henrik Theiling <theiling@A...> wrote:
>In Mandarin Chinese, it's often hard to tell. I noticed this in a
>construction that is different in German and English:
> English: I like to drink beer. auxiliary 'to like'
> German: Ich trinke gerne Bier. adverb 'gerne'
I don't believe that "to like" is an auxiliary verb in English. It
can take a direct object (I like him) as well as a complementary
It also doesn't pass the other two tests of an auxiliary:
1) It cannot take an inverted subject: likes he?
2) It does not have a contracted negative: liken't.
The main auxiliary verbs are: do, be and have.
The modal auxiliaries include: can/could, may/might, shall/should,
will/would, must, ought to, and used to.
"Dare" and "need" are called semi-auxiliaries by some, although I
don't know why. They can take an inverted subject: Dare I do it?
Need I say more? And they have a contracted negative: daren't (in
some dialects dasn't) and needn't.