Vector tense #10
|From:||Gerald Koenig <jlk@...>|
|Date:||Monday, October 12, 1998, 0:09|
For anyone who is not yet committed to a tense system in NGL and would
like to try out Vector Time Tense (VTT), here is an extremely
simplified excerpt.Version 1 still has a ways to go before being
1. A current mu event: !---*1---@==*2====>---*3------>
ev em ed
The positions of the stars (*) can be thought of as the point of view of
a camera that looks forward to, inside of, and back at the event.
*1 ev: is going to see
*2 em: is seeing now
*3 ed: has seen
2. A past lu event:
lu1 see now
av am ad
-*1 av: was going to see.
-*2 am: was seeing.
-*3 av: had seen.
3. A future nu event:
uv um ud
+*1 uv: will be going to see.
+*2 um: will be seeing.
+*3 ud: will have seen.
4. pa see: saw. This is simple past tense.
te see: sees. This is simple present tense.Te can be ommited.
fu see: will see. This is simple future tense.
mu vo see: before seeing. Before the event of seeing.
mu de see: after seeing. After the event of seeing.
mu me see: while seeing. During the event of seeing.
ev: tE+leVo. Levo means left of, before.
em: tE+Member. Member means inside the vector for the event.
ed: tE+ Dextro. Dextro means right of, after.
av: pAst + leVo.
am: pAst + Member.
ad: pAst + Dextro.
uv: fUture + leVo.
um: fUture + Member.
ud: fUture + Dextro.
[Skip to examples]
I II III
PRONOUNS | TENSE PARTICLES AND LOGOS | PRIMARY MODALS
Mi I Ni we+addressee Pa past Ro necessary
Gu we-addressee Te present Xa must
Vu you Ku you-p Po possible
Wo he/she Su they Fu future Ka able to
Za she Zas ellas Mu * now point Bi believe
Ha he Has ellos Di desire
Nu +* future mu Zo evidence
Vo < before
De > after
Me @ during
Ja | next-to
Ga = equals
Li ^ linked
Se - P SEquence Q.(time)
Sese -- Q sequence P. after Q,P
Em *@ while current P
Am -*@ while past P
Um +*@ during future P
a,b,c tail constants. a for lu, b for mu, c for
j,k,l (ju, ko, la) head constants. ju with lu,
ko with mu, la with nu. For pluperfect, perfect,
The first letter of a previously used noun can serve as a pronoun. Ex:
Sally was here. S said hello. The S stands for Sally.
person + complex tenser (VC)
c1c1 + v2c2--->c1v2c2.
mi + em ---->mem
mem ver= I am seeing or I see.
vu + ad= vad
vad see= you had seen.
person + pa|te|fu|vo...|.modal.
CV + C2V2--> CVC2
su + pa --> sup
sup see= they saw.
xa di see.
xad see. She wants to see.
xad is ambiguous with xa + de, and that is why I am still working on the
system. Mostly it works very well.
I'm traveling soon, and will be only casually participating if at all
for about two weeks.