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Vector tense #10

From:Gerald Koenig <jlk@...>
Date:Monday, October 12, 1998, 0:09
For anyone who is not yet committed to a tense system in NGL and would
like to try out Vector Time Tense (VTT), here is an extremely
simplified excerpt.Version 1 still has a ways to go before being

                           mu1      see
1. A current mu event: !---*1---@==*2====>---*3------>
                            ev     em        ed

The positions of the stars (*) can be thought of as the point of view of
a camera that looks forward to, inside of, and back at the event.

*1   ev: is going to see
*2   em: is seeing now
*3   ed: has seen

2. A past lu event:
                      lu1         see                      now
                      av         am           ad
-*1  av: was going to see.
-*2  am: was seeing.
-*3  av: had seen.

3. A future nu event:
                              nu1        see
                              uv         um           ud
+*1  uv: will be going to see.
+*2  um: will be seeing.
+*3  ud: will have seen.

4. pa see: saw. This is simple past tense.
   te see: sees. This is simple present tense.Te can be ommited.
   fu see: will see. This is simple future tense.
mu vo see: before seeing. Before the event of seeing.
mu de see: after seeing. After the event of seeing.
mu me see: while seeing. During the event of seeing.

Memory helpers:
  ev: tE+leVo. Levo means left of, before.
  em: tE+Member. Member means inside the vector for the event.
  ed: tE+ Dextro. Dextro means right of, after.

  av: pAst + leVo.
  am: pAst + Member.
  ad: pAst + Dextro.

  uv: fUture + leVo.
  um: fUture + Member.
  ud: fUture + Dextro.
[Skip to examples]

                        Combining Forms
   I                               II                          III

                           |                             |

Mi I       Ni we+addressee     Pa     past                  Ro necessary
           Gu we-addressee     Te     present               Xa must
Vu you     Ku you-p                                         Po possible
Wo he/she  Su  they            Fu     future                Ka able to
Za she     Zas ellas           Mu *   now point             Bi believe
Ha he      Has ellos                                        Di desire
                               Nu +*  future mu             Zo evidence
                               Vo <   before
                               De >   after
                               Me @   during
                               Ja |   next-to
                               Ga =   equals
                               Li ^   linked
                               Se -   P SEquence Q.(time)
                               Sese -- Q sequence P. after Q,P
                               Em *@  while current P
                               Am -*@ while past P
                               Um +*@ during future P

                        a,b,c tail constants. a for lu, b for mu, c for
                        j,k,l (ju, ko, la) head constants. ju with lu,
                        ko with mu, la with nu. For pluperfect, perfect,
                        future perfect.

The first letter of a previously used noun can serve as a pronoun. Ex:
Sally was here. S said hello. The S stands for Sally.
Type I
person + complex tenser (VC)
c1c1   + v2c2--->c1v2c2.
mi     + em ---->mem
mem ver= I am seeing or I see.

vu  + ad= vad
vad see= you had seen.

Type II
person + pa|te|fu|vo...|.modal.
CV + C2V2--> CVC2

su + pa --> sup
sup see= they saw.

xa di see.
xad see. She wants to see.

xad is ambiguous with xa + de, and that is why I am still working on the
system. Mostly it works very well.

I'm traveling soon, and will be only casually participating if at all
for about two weeks.