Phaleran Case Update (3): Instrumental
|From:||Thomas R. Wier <artabanos@...>|
|Date:||Monday, August 6, 2001, 6:46|
(continued from previous post)
In the previous post I talked mostly about the dative case.
The instrumental case partially overlaps that case: instrumental
marks grammatical relations like Instrument (duh), Agent,
though only in passive constructions, and Possession, when
the possessor is animate or volitional.
Hwana eoni poñgeinânto
1pPl-IncNom 3pPl-ProxObj weapon.PL.INST
hlâswangai, sei kakalento
brawl.TR.1pPl-IncPfRe.Dyn.Sen not PL.word.INST
'We have fought them with weapons, not words!'
(Here, 'word' is anomalously grouped with other reduplicating
plurals, which are mostly animate nouns.)
The Instrumental correlate of the last dative example is the
Ahra tuthuranento tþenarisnon
governor.ABS PL.janissary.INST rise-up.INTR.3pPL-ProxProgRe.Hyp.Quot
'They say that they governor's janissaries are rising in revolt.'
The implication of the instrumental possessive construction is that
these are the governor's personal troops, not (as in the dative example)
tied more closely to their place of work.
Like I said, I don't have the work done on the voices that Phaleran
has, but I'll get to them, and then be able to give the agentive
use of the instrumental.
Any comments? Questions?
Thomas Wier | AIM: trwier
"Aspidi men Saiôn tis agalletai, hên para thamnôi
entos amômêton kallipon ouk ethelôn;
autos d' exephugon thanatou telos: aspis ekeinê
erretô; exautês ktêsomai ou kakiô" - Arkhilokhos