Double-segmentation (Was: brz, or Plan B revisited)
|From:||Patrick Littell <puchitao@...>|
|Date:||Friday, September 23, 2005, 22:11|
On 9/22/05, Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg_rhiemeier@...> wrote:
> There are many ways to achieve self-segregation. Jeff's solution
> is elegant and original, but far from the only one. A simple
> self-segregation system I once came up with has morphemes of the
> following structures:
> etc., i.e. alternating consonants and vowels beginning and ending
> with a consonant. In this system, all morpheme boundaries are
> marked by consonant clusters, and every consonant cluster marks
> a morpheme boundary. For example, _blaraktalmin_ can only be
> segmented as b-larak-tal-min. If every word has to begin with
> two consonants in a row (i.e., with a C morpheme), word-level
> self-segregation is also achieved.
Quite clever! Self-segmentation is pretty easy, but a good method of
double-segmentation (morpheme and word) like this takes some thought.
This would also require, of course, that C morphemes could only occur
word-initially and word-finally. Internal C morphemes would lead to
I would picture some grammatical category like person or number that
could occur on nouns, verbs, etc., marked obligatorily with a C
morpheme prefix. (Or as a suffix, of course.) Say, person is marked
on nouns for either the inherent person features of a noun or those of
its possessor, and on verbs for the subject. (Object could be marked,
too, 'cuz there's space for one more C morpheme word-finally.)
Nothing particularly unnatural about this.
Also possible, although weird, is a requirement that the C morpheme
must be the 2nd morpheme in the word, or second-to-last, or etc.
A couple other methods of naturalistically self-segmenting these on
the word level:
1) The final consonant of a morpheme must be a stop, and word-internal
sandhi rules cause them to fricativize:
kotuk-qap-t-mit => kotuhqafsmit
2) The final consonant of a morpheme must not be a stop, and all words
undergo a word-final stop mutation.
kotun-qam-s-min => kotunqamsmit
And, of course, the many variations of these using different consonant
series, word- and morpheme-initial mutations rather than final ones,
Any more ideas?
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