12 SAE features
|Date:||Saturday, April 12, 2008, 5:53|
From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_Average_European :
According to <A
Haspelmath</A> (2001), the SAE languages form a <A
characterized by the following features:
1. definite and indefinite articles (e.g. English the vs. a);
2. postnominal relative clauses with inflected, resumptive relative pronouns
(e.g. English who vs. whom);
3. a possessive perfect formed with 'have' plus a passive participle (e.g.
English I have said);
4. a preponderance of generalizing predicates to encode experiencers;
5. a passive construction formed with a passive participle plus an
intransitive copula-like verb (e.g. English I am known);
6. a prominence of anticausatives in inchoative-causative pairs;
7. dative external possessors;
8. verbal negation with a negative indefinite;
9. particle comparatives in comparisons of inequality;
10. equative constructions based on adverbial-relative clause structures;
11. subject person affixes as strict agreement markers;
12. differentiation between intensifiers and reflexive pronouns.
What is a "possessive perfect" as in #3?