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more Shoshoni

From:dirk elzinga <dirk.elzinga@...>
Date:Friday, January 19, 2001, 22:18
On Fri, 19 Jan 2001, Luís Henrique wrote:

> Nice! I suppose that if shoshone was a conlang, it would be said that it > is unnaturalically regular!
It does have a "planned" flavor to it. The pronoun system has a similar planned feel; unlike many Uto-Aztecan languages, Shoshoni has a full set of dual pronouns as well as an inclusive exclusive distinction in the first person set. Here they are (subject forms): sg du pl 1. ny nywyh nymmyn (excl) tawyh tammyn (incl) 2. yn mywyh mymmyn 3. sutyn sutywyh sutyyn (The 3rd person pronouns are nothing more than the demonstratives I outlined earlier.) From a comparative UA view, the incl/excl distinction is clearly a Shoshoni (actually Numic, the branch of UA that Shoshoni belongs to) innovation, as is the dual set. This also seems obvious by looking at their forms: the exclusive forms are clearly built upon the singular (the inclusive plural shares the UA root *ta- '1p'), and the dual and plural seem morphologically complex with 'person roots' ta- '1', my- '2' and number suffixes -wyh 'du', -yn 'pl'. Dirk -- Dirk Elzinga "The strong craving for a simple formula has been the undoing of linguists." - Edward Sapir