Re: Paleoasiatic (was: Favourite Language Group?)
|From:||Tim May <butsuri@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, September 7, 2002, 12:59|
Tim May writes:
> John Cowan writes:
> > Tim May scripsit:
> > > at least 26 numeral classes,
> > Probably the degenerate descendants of a classifier+numeral+noun system.
> Possibly. They sound rather unusual to me, although I don't know much
> about numeral classes/classifiers beyond Japanese. I can copy _that_
> part, anyway. Here it is.
> |Nivkh has specific sets of numerals for the enumeration of various
> |categories of objects - boats, people, animals, fishing-nets, small
> |round obj.cts, etc. Panfilov (1962) lists 26 such sets. For example,
> |`three' with reference to people is _t'aqr_; to animals, _t'3m_; to
> |sweep-nets, _t'for_; etc. It is noteworthy that the palatalised t'
> |remains stable as initial in all variants, an the same stability
> |applies in other numbers. Thus, _n'_ is the initial for the 26
> |variants of _n'im_ 1, and m is the initial for all variants of _mim_ 2.
Incidentally, those 's should be prime marks, signifying
palatalization, rather than single quotes or apostrophes, which
signify aspiration. I don't see how I could adequately have
represented that in ASCII, even if I'd noticed (without converting
everything to X-SAMPA). I guess I could have used `, although it
really points the wrong way for either.