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Drughu and Rokbeigalm [long] (was: Lord of the Rings: the Two Towers...)

From:Steg Belsky <draqonfayir@...>
Date:Sunday, December 22, 2002, 22:16
On Sun, 22 Dec 2002 13:40:48 -0500 Robert B Wilson <han_solo55@...>
> On Sun, 22 Dec 2002 12:07:30 -0500 Steg Belsky > <draqonfayir@...> writes:
> > I just hope the third movie includes a scene or two with the > Drughu > > (Woses), because after all they are an offshoot of the Rokbeigalm > > :-P .
> i also hope it includes a scene or two (or more) with the Drughu > (perhaps > related to PIE *druhyu-?). i'd like to know more about your > Rokbeigalm.
> Robert Wilson
- Well, the Rokbeigalm are a group of nomadic hunter-gatherers who live in the wild south-eastern regions of Middle-Earth, primarily concentrated on islands in the oceans and (to a lesser extent) settlements on the coasts of the continents. They're mostly humans, but early in their history they were joined by a number of Avarin and Nandorin elves. They barely had any contact at all with the rest of the world - apart from the original elves who joined them, the Rokbeigalm had never had any significant contact with Morgoth or the Valar, and never had contact with Sauron. They did have limited contact with the Numenoreans during their age of exploration, however, mostly at the end of the second age once Numenor had been evilified (which explains the condescending attitude they held towards the more 'civilized' Numenoreans after their fall, as exemplified by the poem in my sig). The original (human) Rokbeigalm were part of one unified human ethnic group that awoke at Hildorien among the others. This proto group (i don't have a name for them yet, they may not have had a name for themselves) ended up splitting, when half of them - the proto-Rokbeigalm - discovered seacraft and left Hildorien south-east into the ocean, while the other half - the proto-Drughu - began migrating westwards overland. Both the names "Rokbeigalm" and "Drughu" are descriptive (which leads me to think that the proto-R/D had no ethnic name of their own), "Rokbeigalm" comes from |^rokvmei^galm-a| "riders of the waves", and "Drughu" means "stonecarvers". The idea for the Rokbeigalm and their language (Rokbeigalmki) came about when i wanted to create a new character on ElendorMUSH, the online Tolkien-themed roleplaying game. My first character, Elnar, had been an elf from Imladris/Rivendell, and when he got boring i decided that i'd love to play a Drughu character, but since there was no way to do that, i ended up inventing Stygius (in proper Rokbeigalmki: Stíígiyus /sta:jgijus/), who was an immigrant to Northwest Middle-Earth from somewheres far away, from a semi-stone-age, Drughu-like society known as the Rokbeigalm. It was only a while later that i 'realized' that the Rokbeigalm and the Drughu were originally one people after all. According to Ardalambion, all we know canonically about the Drughu language is: "The wild men of the Drúadan Forest used a tongue wholly alien to the Common Speech. In ancient times, their race was called |Drûg| by the people of Haleth, "this being a word of their own language" (UT:377). Its actual form in Drúedainic is quoted in UT:385 as |Drughu| ("in which the |gh| represents a spirantal sound"). Their voices were "deep and guttural" (UT:378); indeed Ghân-buri-Ghân's voice is so described even when he spoke Westron (LotR3/V ch. 5). He repeatedly used the word |gorgûn|, evidently meaning "Orcs" (see WJ:391)." I think i 'realized' that the Rokbeigalm and the Drughu are the same people after all because of the name of Ghân-buri-Ghân, whose "-buri-" reminded me of the Rokbeigalmki p/m-atronymic prefixes |bre'| and |bra'|. So then i decided to make more connections, and |drug| became the Rokbeigalmki word for "stonecarving (of large forms)", and if Drughu has the same /g/ to /G/ shift as Rokbeigalmki, then |drugh| means "stonecarver" in both languages. So where would the |u| at the end of "Drughu" come from? I decided that whereas Rokbeigalmki uses a plural marker |-m|, Drúedainic lost the consonant but developed a plural marking system based on vowel echoing: Rokbeigalmki: drug /drug/ ~ drugh /druG/ ~ drughm /druGm=/ Drúedainic: drûg /drug/ ~ drûgh /druG/ ~ drughu /drUGU/ (earlier /drUGUm/) Now, the word |gorgûn| is problematic, in that it is obviously a plural (meaning "Orcs") but it seems to use the archaic Rokbeigalmki *singularity* marker |-n|. So i decided to interpret that so as unlike Rokbeigalmki, which lost its singularity marker, Drúedainic developed the original singularity marker into a post-plurality collectivity marker: gorgu = orc gorgû = orcs (from |gorgu+u| by vowel-echo) gorgûn = troop of orcs, the orc species, etc. Rokbeigalmki uses a completely unrelated word, |urkud| (from Proto-Elvish) for "Orc". But back to the Rokbeigalm themselves: a bit of Rokbeigalmki culture... They are at more or less a stone-age technology level, but they are skilled shipbuilders, sailors and navigators. Every few generations they pick up from wherever they're living, build a huge fleet of ships and migrate to a new homeland. Sometimes people don't want to move, so there are remnants of Rokbeigalmki communities scattered across the southern hemisphere of Middle-Earth. The Rokbeigalm are monotheists with strong animist tendencies. In other words, they believe in a supreme creator deity, known as |khada-a oolu-kabak dwim-a sudglendm-a| "the One who founded the great waters", or |kabakh-a| "the Founder" for short, but they also believe that the world is inhabited by an unknown number of 'powers', or |ailzhm|. These |ailzhm| can be anything from a personification of a powerful natural force to a gremlin-like force that unravels the strands of your fishing nets at the worst possible time. But what distinguishes |ailzhm| from |kabakh-a| is that the Rokbeigalm believe that |ailzhm| are 'just there', like any other part of the world: animals, plants, rocks, etc., and therefore praying or worshipping them is stupid and/or a waste of time. That kind of relationship is only for the creator. Unlike many of the religions in our world (including my own), the Rokbeigalm don't believe in worshipping their deity. Periodic prayer at important times is perfectly fine, but if a Rokbeigalmkidh heard that i talk to God 3 times a day, sometimes more, they would be shocked. In fact, the Rokbeigalmki word for "worship" (as distinct from "prayer") is |peres|, which comes from a Proto-Elven root meaning "annoy" or "bother". The Rokbeigalm believe in 5 "life elements", which are essential for the survival of the life-force, or soul |ailtz|. These 5 elements are connected to the five life-cycle ceremonies the Rokbeigalm observe: being born: |dwi| water puberty: |zek| fire marriage: |reiyug| blood giving birth: |aurez| wood death: |amal| earth Although each of the elements is utilized at each ceremony, the important one has the most important function. For instance, the most important part of a Rokbeigalmki funeral involves scattering at least a handful of dirt over the body, and the most important part of a Rokbeigalmki marriage involves the bride and groom slicing open their palms and grasping hands so that their blood mixes with eachother's. -Stephen (Steg) "numyenaurkim uhmzu-elyeb, / numenoreans came, numyenaurkim oolu-sfãs, / numenoreans who were selfish, i uhmzu-peiwang ga'eilosm uhmzú. / and thought that they were gods. akh báhhihr uzu-ghalub wa'laur uhmsh, / but ocean rose up over them, i uzu-brodak uhmsh wa'sháíl - / and traded them to underworld - fa'zanlm i fa'pyetikm, / for murex-shells and pebbles, i fa'^ganmei^charzad." / and for glitterings of light.