Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Hebrew in all its Allophonic Majesty (was: IPA question)

From:Steg Belsky <draqonfayir@...>
Date:Thursday, June 20, 2002, 19:53
On Thu, 20 Jun 2002 12:58:20 -0500 Peter Clark <peter-clark@...>
> On Thursday 20 June 2002 11:17 am, Steg Belsky wrote: > > It could be a voiced pharyngeal approximant, a.k.a. the Semitic > |`ay(i)n| > > sound.
> Do you know of any sound files for this sound? I'm just > curious, since my > Hebrew instructor basically said, "Pretend that it isn't there, you > can't > pronounce it." Translation: he had no clue how it was pronounced and > didn't > want to make a fool of himself. :) I was a little disappointed that > he didn't > know the IPA values of Hebrew, too, which made things really > difficult when > we got to the vowels. Oh, the humanity! > Well, while I'm at it, if anyone knows a nice IPA chart of > Hebrew (Biblical > or Modern), I'd be interested in knowing about it. > :Peter
- Well, i didn't know where to find one so i just made one myself :-P . Here is my attempted IPA chart of Classical-Tiberian Hebrew: CONSONANTS: alef: /?/ bet: /b/ ; [b]~[v] (or ~[B]?) gimel: /g/ ; [g]~[G] dalet: /d/ ; [d]~[D] hei: /h/ vav: /w/ or /v/ zayin: /z/ hhet: /H/ (voiceless pharyngeal fricative) tet: /t'/ (emphatic, probably ejective) yud: /j/ kaf: /k/ ; [k]~[x] lamed: /l/ mem: /m/ nun: /n/ samekh: /s/ ayin: /3/ (voiced pharyngeal fricative/approximant) pei: /p/ ; [p]~[f] (or ~[P]?) tsadi: /ts'/ or /s'/ quf: /k'/ or /q/ reish: /r/ (probably a flap/tap) shin: /S/ sin: /K/ (lateralized sibilant) or /s/ (depending on period) tav: /t/ ; [t]~[T] (~[s] attested in the Galilee) VOWELS: patahh: [a] qamatz: [O:] segol: [E] (in some cases possibly [E:]) tzeireh: [e:] hhiriq-hhaseir: [i] hhiriq-malei: [i:] qamatz-qatan: [O] hholam-hhaseir: [o] hholam-malei: [o:] qubutz: [u] shuruq: [u:] shva: [@] hhataf-patahh: [a<ultrashort>] hhataf-segol: [E<ultrashort>] hhataf-qamatz: [O<ultrashort>] According to an article i read, all of these complicated vowel values were allophones of the 6 basic Semitic vowels: /a i u a: i: u:/, but i don't remember at all which allophones correspond to which phonemes. Standard Modern Israeli Hebrew: (Dan, please correct me if i make a mistake!) drops /?/ and /3/ (and sometimes /h/ too) pronounces /H/ as /x/ has no fricative allophones for /g d t/; only [b]~[v], [k]~[x], [p]~[f]. pronounces the emphatics as non-emphatic /t ts k/ pronounces /r/ as a velar approximant has /s/ for |sin| merges [O:] into /a/ semi-merges [E] and [e] into /e/ merges [i] and [i:] into /i/ merges [O], [o], and [o:] as /o/ merges [u] and [u:] as /u/ pronounces the ultrashorts like their normal-length counterparts, with raising of [E] and [O] to [e] and [o]. drops [@] whenever possible That's it, as well as i can think of. If anyone knows better, please tell me! -Stephen (Steg) "watashi no senkou wa gengogaku desu."


Pavel Iosad <pavel_iosad@...>