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Re: A Survey

From:Isidora Zamora <isidora@...>
Date:Tuesday, September 30, 2003, 17:08
>3. What method(s) does your language(s) use to distinguish between basic >nouns and verbs of the same root (i.e. "a hit" vs. "he hits")?
These structures are incomplete as yet, because the language is very much a work in progress at this point, but Cwendaso has a nominalizing suffix -m for the verbs such that you get pairs like this: tovl 'to instruct' tovlm 'instruction' khánge 'to know' khángem 'knowledge' úma 'to die' úmam 'death' páre 'to live' párem 'life' khat 'to scrape' khátm 'a scrape' mta 'to dwell' mtam 'house' When the original root word is a noun rather than a verb, the noun is compounded with the verb <yed>, which means 'to use.' I have only one example in the language so far. outhú 'a comb' outhúyed 'to use a comb, to comb something' Actually, I can create one more right now: kárm 'a shield' kármyed 'to use a shield, to shield something' The structure with <yed> may get tossed out later, or maybe not. Isidora