Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Re: A Survey

From:Mark J. Reed <markjreed@...>
Date:Tuesday, September 30, 2003, 17:21
On Mon, Sep 29, 2003 at 11:41:45PM -0400, Rob Haden wrote:
> 1. Does your language(s) distinguish between active ("X breaks Y"), middle > ("X breaks (apart)"), and passive ("X is broken (by Y)")?
> 2. If the answer to #1 was "yes," what method(s) does your language(s) use > to make some/all of the above distinctions?
In both Okaikiar and Methkaeki, middle = intransitive is indicated by the lack of an object (which, in Methkaeki, includes the lack of a personal object prefix) on a verb which is ordinarily transitive. In both languages, passive voice is indicated by the insertion of a marker morpheme. Man, I need to make some new languages and do this stuff differently. :) ENGLISH OKAIKIAR METHKAEKI X breaks Y X-Ar Y-Ard 'lIlk.mOrm. X Y dZId.ZOnd'lu.pIv. X breaks X-Ar 'lIlk.mOrm. X dZId'lu.pIv. X is broken X-Ar 'lIl.kI,mOrm. X dZId'lu.pI.vIg. X is broken by Y: (because of Y's actions X-Ar Y-Ur 'lIl.kI,mOrm. X dZId' gAj-Y. (using Y as instrument) X-Ar Y-Urd 'lIl.kI,mOrm. X dZId'lu.pI.vIg Zo-Y. -Mark