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Re: A Survey

From:James Worlton <jworlton@...>
Date:Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 23:29
Rob Haden wrote:
> I'm curious to see everyone's answers to the following questions: > > 1. Does your language(s) distinguish between active ("X breaks Y"), middle > ("X breaks (apart)"), and passive ("X is broken (by Y)")?
Orêlynna distinguishes only between active and passive so far. Passive is formed (:-) by prefixing þey- to the verb in the 3rd person conjugation and putting the grammatical subject (I think that's what it's called) in the accusative case: þeytelyntet donueþy þey-telyn-tet donueþ-y PASS-build-3p.past city.ACC-the
> 2. If the answer to #1 was "yes," what method(s) does your language(s) use > to make some/all of the above distinctions?
See above.
> 3. What method(s) does your language(s) use to distinguish between basic > nouns and verbs of the same root (i.e. "a hit" vs. "he hits")?
Roots that become nouns end in one of 5 possible endings: Human male: -do Human female: -ka Non-human living (flora & fauna): -te Inanimate things: -eþ Abstract: -na -- ============= James Worlton "Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana." --Unknown