Re: Gevey (Part 1): Verbs - long
|From:||Rik Roots <rikroots@...>|
|Date:||Monday, November 27, 2000, 22:46|
> > Gevey speakers divide the world of verbs into two types - those that
> > need a preposition to work, and those that never take a preposition.
> > All verbs in Gevey can act on a direct object. Your example is spot
> > on!
> Interesting. So you mean that for a verb like "to go", the phrase "to the pool"
> would be considered like an object of the verb? That's what I do In Chasmäöcho
> and Notya.
>Yes. However they are treated in other languages, in Gevey they are
considered to be direct objects (and undergo the butchery that all
direct objects suffer in Gevey)
I walk to(wards) to the house - Te trhade tas'yuu roub
I walk (in)to the house - Te trhade ist'yuu roub
I walk through the house - Te trhade vihd'yuu roub
I walk by the house - Te trhade bas'yuu roub
I walk [towards somewhere unstated] with you
Te ta'trhade ko'des
When the direct object is not included in the sentence, the
preposition gets stuck on the front of the verb - in Gevey, a direct
object's preposition is really part of the verb.
btw - do you have those two languages on the web yet? I'm always
interested in looking at languages with "different" grammars.
> :)). What's the use of the incidental voice?
The use of voice in Gevey is most easily shown by examples...
"After God made the world Adam and Eve, who lived in Eden, ruled the
=> "made" is rendered in the descriptive voice, as the clause "after
God made the world" is setting the scene for the actions that follow.
=> "ruled" uses the active voice, because that is the main action
being described: "Adam and Eve ruled the animals"
=> "lived" takes the incidental voice, because it is giving us
additional information ("[Adam and Eve] lived in Eden") rather than
describing the main action.
"We took our cat to the vet, who told us it had worms"
=> "took" will be active voice, or possibly descriptive voice
=> "had" will be active voice
=> "told" will be incidental voice
The descriptive voice details the scope within which the action takes
place. The active voice is used for that action. The incidental voice
tells us what other actions and issues are impacting on the main
Add in relative clauses and focus (emphasis of particular words
and phrases within clauses and sentences - determined by word order)
and it all gets quite interesting... well, it makes more sense than a
chocolate teapot to me :->
The Gevey Language Resource.