Re: Sound changes causing divergence of ordinals from cardinals
|From:||Peter Bleackley <peter.bleackley@...>|
|Date:||Friday, January 6, 2006, 14:49|
staving John Vertical:
>Neat stuff. Still, this does nothing to extend the cardinal/ordinal
>distinction to other numerals! They'll definitely get messed up too in all
>these sound shifts, but it would be unlikely that one series would turn out
>resembling the ordinals more than the cardinals, let alone contrasting the
>two as equally possible roots.
>OK, with lots of adjacent vowels now...
>(4) Sequences of adjacent vowels with the same roundedbackness develop into
>long vowels. Schwa matches with all series. The vowel is high (or low) iff
>all the originals vowels also are, else mid.
>And to stop this from being just "big" shifts, I think we should also allow
>one "small" (ie. affecting only a few of the words herein) sound shift per
>(4.5) Immediately before stress, /tS dZ/ lenite to /S Z/ unless preceded by
>an alveolar continuant.
(5) Final e is lost, and final e: is shortened.
Value Cardinal Ordinal
1 'j@wQ i'we
2 'nero na'ru
3 'mjo: mi'u
4 'to: 'to:
5 'kin 'kink
6 'jesu ja'swe
7 'Sj@gu Si'gwe
8 'dZuz2 Zo'ze
9 'hj@ja hi'je
10 'neo na'u
11 'hero ha'ru
12 'utsu ot'swe
20 naro'no: naro'no:
21 naronQ'H@wQ naronQy'we
22 narono:'noro narono:nQ'ru
30 mio'no: mionQ'u
31 naro'no:ro narono:'ru
32 naro'no:tsu narono:'tswe
33 miono:'mjo: miono:mi'u
>I also postulate words for 100, 1000 and 10000:
100 'tSifu Se'pwe (from tSepu tSepuke)
1000 'wegor wa'gurk (from wagor wagorke)
10000 Sun'tSyfu tSuntS2'pw@k (from tSuntSepu tSuntSepuke )
We seem to have achieved complete irregularity of the ordinals by now, but
they're still recognisable cognates of the cardinals. I do quite like the
fact that two ordinals have become indistinguishable from their cardinals.