Greenberg's Universals applied to Lyanjen
|From:||Matt McLauchlin <matt_mcl@...>|
|Date:||Friday, September 15, 2000, 16:38|
All of the answers were either "true" or "mu", with the following
>20. When any or all of the items -- demonstratives, numeral, and
>adjective -- precede the noun, they are always found in that order. If
>follow, the order is either the same or its exact opposite.
Uh oh. When a demonstrative is applied to a noun, it does so as a suffix,
sau izadace ðalyard
two spouse-PL-PROX be-happy-PrIndPart
"these two happy spouses"
Of course, the adjective isn't an adjective as such but a participle of a
Is this a problem?
>22. If in comparisons of superiority the only order or one of the
>orders is standard-marker-adjective, then the language is postpositional.
>overwhelmingly more than chance frequency, if the only order is
>adjective-marker-standard, the language is prepositional.
I don't understand...
>23. If in apposition the proper noun usually precedes the common noun, then
>language is one in which the governing noun precedes its dependent
>With much more than chance frequency, if the common noun usually precedes
>proper noun, the dependent genitive precedes its governing noun.
Uh, either is possible:
teje ias Trele
daughter me-GEN Trele
"my daughter Trele"
"Audrid the cook"
>24. If the relative expression precedes the noun either as the only
>construction or as an alternative construction, either the language is
>postpositional or the adjective precedes the noun or both.
I don't understand this either.
>26. If a language has discontinuous affixes, it always either prefixing or
>suffixing or both.
What's a discontinuous affix?
>28. If both the derivation and inflection follow the root, or they both
>the root, the derivation is always between the root and the inflection.
>29. If a language has inflection, it always has derivation.
What's a derivation? *more and more embarrassed*
>40. When the adjective follows the noun, the adjective expresses all the
>inflectional categories of the noun. In such cases the noun may lack overt
>expression of one or all of these categories.
Well, as above, no adjectives; just participles of adjectival verbs.
Blessed be, Écartons ces romans
Matt McLauchlin qu'on appèle systèmes,
GM18, Montreal, Canada Et pour nous éléver
English/français/esperanto descendons dans nous-mêmes.
icq: 4420218 -Voltaire
Get Your Private, Free E-mail from MSN Hotmail at http://www.hotmail.com.
Share information about yourself, create your own public profile at