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Greenberg's Universals applied to Lyanjen

From:Matt McLauchlin <matt_mcl@...>
Date:Friday, September 15, 2000, 16:38
All of the answers were either "true" or "mu", with the following

>20. When any or all of the items -- demonstratives, numeral, and >descriptive >adjective -- precede the noun, they are always found in that order. If >they >follow, the order is either the same or its exact opposite.
Uh oh. When a demonstrative is applied to a noun, it does so as a suffix, thus: sau izadace ðalyard two spouse-PL-PROX be-happy-PrIndPart "these two happy spouses" Of course, the adjective isn't an adjective as such but a participle of a verb. Is this a problem?
>22. If in comparisons of superiority the only order or one of the >alternative >orders is standard-marker-adjective, then the language is postpositional. >With >overwhelmingly more than chance frequency, if the only order is >adjective-marker-standard, the language is prepositional.
I don't understand...
>23. If in apposition the proper noun usually precedes the common noun, then >the >language is one in which the governing noun precedes its dependent >genitive. >With much more than chance frequency, if the common noun usually precedes >the >proper noun, the dependent genitive precedes its governing noun.
Uh, either is possible: teje ias Trele daughter me-GEN Trele "my daughter Trele" Áudrid ñugeact Audrid cook-worker "Audrid the cook"
>24. If the relative expression precedes the noun either as the only >construction or as an alternative construction, either the language is >postpositional or the adjective precedes the noun or both.
I don't understand this either.
>26. If a language has discontinuous affixes, it always either prefixing or >suffixing or both.
What's a discontinuous affix?
>28. If both the derivation and inflection follow the root, or they both >precede >the root, the derivation is always between the root and the inflection. >29. If a language has inflection, it always has derivation.
What's a derivation? *more and more embarrassed*
>40. When the adjective follows the noun, the adjective expresses all the >inflectional categories of the noun. In such cases the noun may lack overt >expression of one or all of these categories.
Well, as above, no adjectives; just participles of adjectival verbs. Blessed be, Écartons ces romans Matt McLauchlin qu'on appèle systèmes, GM18, Montreal, Canada Et pour nous éléver English/français/esperanto descendons dans nous-mêmes. icq: 4420218 -Voltaire _________________________________________________________________________ Get Your Private, Free E-mail from MSN Hotmail at Share information about yourself, create your own public profile at