of cakes and men -- doraya syntax
|From:||Adam Parrish <myth@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, November 10, 1999, 4:38|
Okay, so, here's the deal: I've noticed a new pattern of
movement in Doraya's main clauses. However, I'm not sure a) if it's
naturalistic (though it seems to look much like a similar sort of thing
in Castilian Spanish) and b) how exactly it works, or at least, how to
describe it coherently. So allow me to present some examples; comment
and suggest as you will:
1) tyepylen kos rian.
eat.perf person cake
A person ate a cake. (no topic -- no given information)
2) kos tyepylen tai rian.
person eat.perf 3ps cake
The person ate a cake. (person = topic, given information)
3) tyepylen kos sae.
eat.perf person 3pn
A person ate it. (it = old information)
4) kos tasa tyepylen.
person 3ps.3pn eat.perf
The person ate it. (person & it = old information, person = topic)
5) rianui tasa tyepylen.
cake.TOP 3ps.3pn eat.perf
He ate the cake. (he & it = old information, cake = topic)
6) rianui tyepylen kos sae.
cake.TOP eat.perf person 3pn
A person ate the cake. (cake = topic, old information)
7) tai tyepylen rian
3ps eat.perf cake
He ate a cake. (he = topic, old information)
8) rianui tyepylen kakos sae?
cake.TOP perf.eat which-person it
Who finished the cake? (cake = topic, old information)
9) kakos tyepylen tai rian?
which-person perf.eat 3ps cake
Who finished a cake? (person = topic, old information)
10) kos rianui tasa tyepylen.
person cake.TOP 3ps.3pn eat.perf
The person ate the cake. (?)
(notes: _tai_ is the third person pronoun referring to sentient
beings; _sae_ is its non-sentient counterpart. _tasa_ is a contracted
form of _tai sae_. _tye-_ is the prefix that indicates perfective
aspect, which I have glossed here as past tense in accordance with