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Aelya GMS phase 1

From:Aidan Grey <frterminus@...>
Date:Monday, June 18, 2001, 17:35
  Hey all,

  I know Daniel wanted to see this, and I hope the
rest could provide input or comments as well. I hope
this is readable.


i e ñ c g ch gh r rh - the king grade
a y n t d th dh s sh - the tan grade
u o m p b ph bh l lh - the pum grade

note that r is retroflexed, as in english

Schema: Phase 1 (from Quenya)
 By phase 1, I mean that development from Old Irish
follows a different schema (phase 2), and phase 3
covers modern borrowings.

Short vowels:
        i, u > e, o
        e > e, > i before nasal cluster, in hiatus

Long vowels:
        ó > á, > au in monosyllables
        ú > au in monosyllables, > o else
        é > ei in final, > i else

Note: i, í, and é fricativize following stops, and
shorten (i > e)

        au > au, > o before cluster
        ai > oe
        ei > ae, > i before palatized consonant
        eu > i
        oi > e
        ou > o, > au in monosyllables
        iu > fricative + o
        ui > oe

Simple Consonants
 unvoiced > voiced between vowels, > frix after i, í,
 voiced > fricatives between vowels
 geminate C remain
 h > nil
 v,w > f init (often > p), v medially
 j > y init, lost after i-affection medially
 cuV, qu > c with u-affection,
    > p before back vowels (a, o, u)
 initial palatized stops > fricatives

I should explain how this Pum, tan, king thing works.
Each of these clusters are related sounds. PUM are all
labial or back, TAN are dental or mid, KINg are velar
or front. In clusters, the characteristic vowel of a
group indicates the kind of affection or
diphthongization it causes. For example, the cluster
bd would become dh with u-affection because the b
(which fricativizes then vocalizes into u) belongs to
the PUM group.

Clusters: PUM/TAN/KIÑ
        N’      T’      D’      L’      S’      Qu’
N       N’N’    ND’     NN      DL’     *s      %ñg
T       T       T       #F’     1       s       %ch
D       2       T’      %F'     #L’     %dh     %c
L       LD’     4       #L      L’      Lh      %ch
S       N’      F’      s       L’h     s       s
Qu      *c      %F’     %F’     3       s       %ch
* = compensatory lengthening
# = diphthongization
% = affection
F = corresponding fricative

1: initially > TL’, but tl, tr > lh, rh; medially >
FL’, but tl, cl, cr > lh, lh, rh
2: dn, bm, gñ > nn, mm, ññ, else #N’
3: initially > cl, cr, medially > lh, rh
4: lp, lt, lc > lph, lth, lch; rp, rt, rc > u-aff+r,
ryd, ryg

Compensatory Lengthening
        i, e > é
        o, u > ú > ua (?> u-affection+a)
        a > á

        TAN does not create diphthongs, only lengthens back
        KIÑ     PUM
a       ae      au
o       oe      au
u       ui      ú
e       ei      eu
i       í       i-aff+u

by TAN: comp. len., except i > e > ea /&/, u > o
by KIÑ: a > e > ei > i, o > e
by PUM: a > au/o > u, e > eu/i, i > eu

Diphthongs > monophthongs before clusters in

A couple example words:
   tumpo 'hump' > tomb /tom:/
   serce 'blood' > seryg /ser@g/
   tyeli 'grades' > theil /Tejl/
   Quenya > cein /kejn/
       note loss of u-affection, since there's no
preceding vowel to affect

   I haven't worked out all clusters allowable yet,
but this covers most possibilities. A notable example:
calma 'lamp' > sg. *calb > caul, pl. calba (-r is
realized as a syllabic r, and thus leaves the -a when
it is lost).


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Aidan Grey <frterminus@...>onomatopoiesis