Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Re: Knowledge-related roots in sabyuk

From:H. S. Teoh <hsteoh@...>
Date:Wednesday, August 7, 2002, 13:22
On Wed, Aug 07, 2002 at 12:52:15PM +0200, julien eychenne wrote:
> Imagine a situation where there is a father and his son. In both cases the father > says 'Listen' to his son. But have look at the differences : > (i) Slux-ô-ki ! > listen-Prospective-2person > 'you will listen' == ''Listen'' > > (ii) Hir-ô-ki ! > listen-prosp-2pers > 'you will listen' == ''I have something to tell you'' > > In (i), the father is just asking for his son's attention (you could imagine > that the son was speaking at the same time). > In (ii) however, the situation is more sentencial, more serious, the father is > about to say something important to his son.
[snip] Cool distinction you have there. In Ebisedian, you can have several degrees of distinction, using optatives and imperatives: 1) uso' kuta'me eb0' [?u"so ku"tam& ?&"bA] <opt> listen<v> me<pronoun,org> "Please listen to me." - _uso'_ is the weak optative particle, marking the sentence as a polite request. 2) oso' kuta'me eb0' [?o"so ku"tam& ?&"bA] "I wish you would listen to me" - _oso'_ is the regular optative particle, which expresses a wish. 3) 0so' kuta'me eb0' [?A"so ku"tam& ?&"bA] "I think you should listen to me" - _0so'_ is the strong optative particle, and conveys a sense of exhortation or expression of opinion. 4) kuta'me eb0'! [ku"tam& ?&"bA] "Listen to me!" - here, no optative particle is used; rather, the incidental inceptive verb is used alone, as an imperative. T -- Why is the sea always restless? Its bed is too rocky to sleep on.


julien eychenne <eychenne.j@...>