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Re: Clauses, etc

From:Kala Tunu <kalatunu@...>
Date:Friday, February 1, 2002, 18:41
Hey! "subordinate clause terminator" is a great name for that!
"D(a)" and "il" are like indonesian "itu" then:
Orang yang John sudah lihat kemarin itu jadi marah.
Man John already see yesterday itu become angry.

The clause terminator in my conlang is "wo":
Taka i-John a-toli kite kama u-cali babame wo a-cike.
Man who-John verb-already see him in-day precedent wo verb-angry.
The fact that nihk comes before the subclause is unusual and fun.

Jeff Jones <jeffsjones@...> wrote: Basically,
>you enclose the clause in "" if I am trying to say, "The man that >john hit yesterday is angry" Using that in English is should turn out to be >"Nihk The man john his yesterday il is angry". You follow? I hope I've got >the right idea with clauses here.
in MNCL, relative clauses start with the relative pronoun {y-} and end with a pronoun {d-}, as in: Zo (man)o ya (John)u (hit)e (yesterday)i da (angry)ize. "The man [whom] John hit yesterday is angry". This can be broken down as: Z-o (man)-o y-a (John)-u (hit)-e (yesterday)-i d-a (angry)-iz-e DEF-QUAL (V)-QUAL REL-ABS (V)-ERG (V)-PRED (V)-OBL SCT-ABS (V)-PRS-PRED DEF anaphoric pronoun/determiner (definite article in this case) REL relative pronoun SCT subordinate clause terminator (V) a general vocabulary item PRS present tense QUAL this word qualifies what follows directly ABS absolutive case ERG ergative case OBL oblique case; used for adverbial stuff PRED predicative or essive "case"; the syntactic verb Does this help? Jeff Mathias