Re: Weekly Vocab #1.1.7 (repost #1)
|From:||Lars Finsen <lars.finsen@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, April 25, 2007, 22:43|
I'd better do one of these again before I get rusty.
>> Brought to you by f (for finals) and s (for studying) and
Yes, I can see we are in a comparative mood here.
>> 1. book
Gaajan: (suraetu = tale)
>> That book over there (yonder) is thicker than the one I'm
>> using now.
U: Rift ina zipt riftat ma dymin simfanja. (book yonder thicker book-
abl my current read-act-part-gen) Urianian uses ablative as the
relative marker in comparisons. 'Dymin' is the stative participle of
'dy'=run. Note also that the copula is missing. I don't have a
general word for 'use' yet. Maybe I shouldn't have one.
G: Suraetujoke suraetusu dubag a wan aiga atsu. (tale-yonder-erg tale-
rel thick-comp it-is-for-it now work I-do-to-it-rel) The two relative
markers here relate to different things, which perhaps I don't need
to explain. It continually pleases me how simply and yet
unambiguously Gaajan is able to do this kind of job.
>> 2. desk
U: pilkirf (writing table)
G: agabaula (work table)
>> I sat at my desk longer than the day has hours. (i.e. for
>> more than 24
U: Sitem franu ma pilkirfia tiluti tudamat tunja. (sat-1s front-
loc.sg my desk-gen.sg long-comp-inst hour-abl.pl day-gen.sg)
G: Agabaulamam lusagen esj ijut taudewe asuke anjisu. (desk-my-loc
long-comp-adv sit I-did hour-pl day-erg it-has-them-rel)
>> 3. study
U: minzid, mezid (learn)
G: iria (learn)
>> I've been studying with better students than I (am).
U: Minzemi teltu minzigan mit fetuti. (learned-1s-perf side-loc.sg
student-gen.pl 1s-abl good-comp-pl) No durative in Urianian.
Prepositionals (unlike adjectives) do not reflect the number of the
nouns they refer to.
G: Akuag wiriaumi isaniria ju anjitsu. (better student-pl-comit perf-
habit-study I-do I-am-to-them-rel)
>> 4. finals / final examinations (also as sg.)
U: examen drut, or examen finalis, or just examen
G: gas sarena (last test)
>> I will do better on the final than him.
U: Kastinsam fetuti imat examni. (judge-pass.part-fut-1s better-inst
G: Gas sarenaen akuag kedu adait. (last test-adv better achieve fut-I-
>> 5. midterm(s) / midterm examination(s)
G: sasaimen sarena (mid-year-adv test)
>> I did worse on my midterm for this class than I've ever done
U: Kastinem bati ma tentamni klasetsuj ixi ma kastunamat elni. (judge-
pass.part-past-1s worse-inst my midterm.exam-inst.sg class-dem.dat.sg
ever my judge-act.part.abl.pl all) - tough one
G: Ilsiekai sasaimen sarenaen laisagen kedu jait aben sukedu jusu.
(group-this-dat mid-year-adv test-adv bad-comp-adv achieve I-did-for-
it ever perf-achieve I-do-rel)
>> 6. grade / score / marks
G: keduja (achievement)
>> I hope to get higher scores on the final exams than I did on the
>> midterm exams.
U: Esam examni kastanet irtut fekte ma kastanat tentamnia.
(hope-1s.pres final.exam-inst.sg score-acc.sg high-comp get-inf
1s.gen score-abl.sg midterm.exam-gen.sg)
G: Jawe at engenag keduja gas sarenaen sal adataila saisamen sarenaen
atsu. (hope I-do-to-it high-comp score final exam-adv get fut-I-do-to-
it-for-it-subj midterm exam-adv I-do-to-it-rel)
>> 7. stress(ed): n. or adj.
U: stress (loanword), dund (press, pressed)
G: agategi (too much work), kaagategi (having too much work),
keduldutuja (the condition of being pressed), keduldutuk (pressed)
>> I am more stressed than I thought I would be.
U: Dund em bilt virkesat fusam. (pressed be-1s.pres more believe-
stat.part.abl be-1s.subj.fut) I am thinking of abandoning the
Urianian sigmatic future, though.
G: Kaagategiag ait urea jatsu ajutla. (stressed-comp I-am-to-it think
I-did-to-it-rel fut-I-am-subj) - the sentence ends in two auxiliaries...
>> 8. busy
G: kakuu (preoccupied, thoughtful), agatik (at work)
>> I have been busier than ever lately.
U: Zirfitut imi ixat druti. (busy-comp be-1s.perf ever-abl.sg last-inst)
G: Aranten edagen isaga ait aben isiutsu. (new-adv more-adv perf-work
I-do-for-it ever perf-I-am-rel)
>> 9. write, compose (a paper, article, etc)
U: kirfid (write), komponerde (compose)
G: esjim (compose), initudu (compose a story), lyadu (compose a song)
>> I have to write 678 papers by Tuesday.
U: Eng e mi kirfid sixkendibiganiakta artiklet birtuna. (necessary
be-3s 1s.dat write-inf 678 paper-acc.pl Thursday-acc.sg)
G: Arild ikunu ilgestadu alanim inituwe ekaten asusu fein esjimik
ajut. (6 100-pl 70 8-com story-pl earlier day-rel lightning-gen
>> 10. research
U: kade (scrutinise), foskid (research, loanword)
G: asure (investigate, repetitive aspect of ure, see)
>> I have never researched a topic longer than I have researched
>> this one.
>> (this sentence includes an opportunity for a resumptive verb or
>> proverb, if
>> you have one!)
Gaajan could have one perhaps, or a resumptive marker for the already
overloaded auxiliaries. But it seems this sentence is pretty
straightforward in Gaajan.
U: Nixi foskemi zursa tiluti ma foskidat zursandan. (never
research-1s.perf matter-acc.sg long-comp.inst 1s.gen research(n.)-
G: Araben katumetua uroenag isasure atait katumetuak isasure atsu.
(never matter long-adv-comp perf-research I-do-to-it-for-it matter-
this perf-research I-do-to-it-rel)
> Bonus Vocab from WordNet:
> This is randomly selected automatically, so in case it offends you
> or you disagree, please either ignore or be inspired to make up
> different words and/or phrases:
> - beet sugar, n.
> sugar made from sugar beets
U: rebur betia
> - profit, v.
> make a profit; gain money or materially;
U: lev (plunder, prey, profit), pide (be lucky, gain, blossom),
G: gaidedu (profit from trade), kaku (get lucky), akudu (improve
> "The company has not profited from
> the merger"
U: Mitam en pajiay nismidat. (company not profit-3s.perf merger-abl.sg)
G: Ara sarejeke saraneate isgaidedu a. (not company-erg merger-abl
Not easy some of these ones. My confidence level is not exactly 100%
in all the above sentences. Yet I post them. Am I mad? Or lazy? Or