Hangkerim dialects: Kizidanoce
|From:||Carlos Thompson <cthompso@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, January 27, 1999, 17:26|
I was thinking which would be the main changes between standard
Hangkerimce and its most importand dialect Kizidanoce. The main
difference is that Hangkerimce is usually witten in the Hangkerim
syllabary and Kizidanoce is written in Latin alphabet... in the last
four centuries, both Kizidanoce and Hangkerimce had been in contact but
developed some different features.
Hangkerimce had become more tonal. Kizidanoce is still tonal but tones
are not phonemic. Kizidanoce is more regular in the sound changes.
Hangkerimce rules governing changes are more complex.
This is the way the vocalic sounds change in both Hangkerim and
H.ort: orthography in Hangkerimce
H.1: Hangkerimce primary phrase stress (pronunciation)
H.2: Hangkerimce primary word stress (pronunciation)
H.3: Hangkerimce secundary stress (pronunciation)
H.4: Hangkerim unstressed (pronunciation)
K.s: Kizidano stressed (pronunciation)
K.us: Kizidano unstresed (pronunciation)
K.ort: Kizidano orthography
_ is always low in H., usually low in K.
/ is always middle rising in H. usually low in K.
\ is always high falling in H. usually high in K.
^ is always high in H, usually high in K.
~ is falling-rising in H. usually high in K.
unstressed ~ and \ are usually low in K.
H.ort H.1 H.2 H.3 H.4 K.s K.us K.ort
A_ A a & @ A @ a
AM_ Am am &m &m am am am
AN_ AN aN &~n @~ aN @~ ang
E_ E E 0 @ E @ e
EM_ Em Em Em @m E @m em
EN_ EN EN E~n E~ E E~n eng
I_ I I I I I I i
IM_ Im Im Im Im Im Im im
IN_ IN IN In In IN In ing/in
Carlos Eugenio Thompson Pinzsn