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The opposite of resumptive

From:Remi Villatel <maxilys@...>
Date:Sunday, June 11, 2006, 23:51
Hi there,

I'm stumbling on a grammatical term. Everybody knows what a resumptive
pronoun is, it sums up something that has already been mentioned in a
sentence or a conversation. Now, how do I call a pronoun or an
expression that is used as a shorthand for something that still has to
be expressed?

The boy hit the ball. I saw it. ("it" is resumptive.)

I saw this: The boy hit the ball. ("this" isn't resumptive.)

Prosumptive? (Google finds it but it has nothing to do with grammar.)
Presumptive? (Not exactly what I'm looking for.)

There must be natlangs or conlangs which use such a sentence structure.
This is the way Shaquelingua totally avoids subordinate clauses but I
realized that my use of "resumptive" was wrong in such a case.

If ANADEW, there must be a word, otherwise a neologism is all what's
left. Err... Two neologisms since I also need a word for the class
containing both the resumptive and the "anti-resumptive".

Remi Villatel


Gary Shannon <fiziwig@...>