Re: Compound Verboids
|From:||Jeffrey Jones <jsjonesmiami@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, June 26, 2005, 22:41|
I have no idea how to explain this better.
On Sat, 11 Jun 2005 00:06:06 +0200, Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>
> Jeffrey Jones <jsjonesmiami@...> writes:
> > Each of these classes is subdivided according to what genders each
> > argument is compatible with. The genders are "animate" and "inanimate";
> > there's also a 3rd "gender" for referring to situations rather than
> > entities.
> > The arguments are labelled A1, A2, and A3, with actants arranged as
> > follows:
> > V3: A1 A3 STEM A2
> > V2: A1 STEM A2
> > V1: STEM A1, if 1st or 2nd person
> > V1: A1 STEM, otherwise.
> This is very nice!
> > This is simplified, since I'm pretending there's no Inversion, which
> > would affect which role was associated with which argument.
> > Now for the COMPOUNDING RULES.
> > (A) The compound is constructed using one morpheme as a base, with
> > its arguments become the base's arguments.
> What? Base? Could you give an examples?
> > (B) When adding a morpheme, one of its arguments is shared with one of
> > the base's arguments.
> > Assuming the morpheme is _prefixed_ to the base, the shared
> > argument is the base's A1 and the morpheme's A2 (but A1 if the
> > morpheme is V1).
> > These arguments must be gender-compatible.
> > If the morpheme is V1, the shared argument is the compound's A1,
> > if not, but the base is V1, the shared argument is the compound's
> > A2, and if neither, the shared argument is the compound's A3; this
> > last kind is possible only if neither base nor morpheme is V3. The
> > compound can become a new base.
> What? I cannot follow, sorry.
> > (C) The semantics of the compound depends on the specific combination
> > of morpheme subclasses.
> > So far, I've only used verboid morpheme subclasses, producing only
> > verboid compounds. The same rules will work for nominoids, but there
> > are still a few things to be worked out, such as the gender of each
> > type of compound and whether the compound is nominoid or verboid.
> I think I need more explanation and an example.
> > Here are some TYPES OF COMPOUNDS that I've already worked out. These
> > are derived from 2 verboids in each case. I've omitted the gender
> > requirements.
> > 1. V3 from Locational V2 + Actional V2
> > compound A2 = actional A2
> > compound A3 = actional A1 and locational A2
> > compound A1 = locational A1
> > Example: He CARRIED the child TO the doctor.
> > 2. V2 from Locational V2 + Activity V1
> > compound A2 = quality/state A2 and activity A1
> > compound A1 = quality/state A1
> > Example: She WALKED TO the store.
> > 3. V2 from Quality or State V1 + Actional V2
> > compound A2 = actional A2
> > compound A1 = actional A1 and quality/state A1
> > Examples: He KICKED it TO PIECES.
> > They PAINTED the barn RED.
> > 4. V2 from Quality or State V1 + Perceptual V2
> > compound A2 = perceptual A2
> > compound A1 = perceptual A1 and quality/state A1
> > Example: It LOOKS BIG TO me.
> I get the idea, but I don't see how it connects to what you explained.
> It looks interesting, I would like to understand! :-)