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going without "without" - problem solved

From:Matt Pearson <mpearson@...>
Date:Wednesday, August 18, 1999, 8:11
Thanks to everybody for your input on my problem!  After
weighing the options, I've decided to convey the sense of
"without" by means of various periphrastic constructions.
When referring to a missing object, the object in question
occurs in a compound headed by the noun "otia", meaning
"lack", and the whole thing is put in the comitative case:

  Ne      nelhe itak    otiaia   tumulna
  she.Abs left  the.Com lack-Com coat-her
  "She left without her coat"
  (lit. "She left with-the lack [of] her-coat")

When referring to an event which failed to accompany the
main event, an adverbial clause (headed by a comitative
determiner) is used, with the verb negated.  Compare:

  Ne      nelhe itak    hesulyina
  she.Abs left  the.Com cry-Prog-Dep
  "She left crying"
  (lit. "She left with-it that-[she]-is-crying")

  Ne      nelhe itak    hesulotiyina
  she.Abs left  the.Com cry-Neg-Prog-Dep
  "She left without crying"
  or "She left not crying"
  (lit. "She left with-it that-[she]-is-not-crying")

This is the solution that seems to fit best with the
character of the language.