USAGE: Betreft: USAGE: Outstanding Features - Andean Family
|From:||Rob Nierse <rnierse@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, November 17, 1999, 11:36|
>>> "Alex C." <lista2@...> 11/16 6:39 >>>
>I'm planning to begin a conlang based in languages belonging to the
>Andean family but I wonder if I'd have enough "material" to achieve an
>artistic, beatiful language myself.
>Could somebody tell me what are (in his/her opinion) the most
>outstanding features that make the languages in this family worthy of
>notice? General features would be the best but those ones related to
>particular languages in this family will be welcomed also. I'm mainly
>interested in highland languages, not those in the rain forests like
>Zaparo or Urarina. You can send features you find outstanding due to
>their simplicity or their complexity, their beauty, their wit, their
>rarity, their innovative solution of the problem, or whatever else you
Well, IMHO the following are features that are shared by
Quechua, Aymara, Jaqe and Aru:
Use of suffixes, hardly any prefixes
Regular: the only irregular verb form I know of is Haku "Lets go"
Use of data source: the speaker must tell where he got his info from:
-mi speaker is sure
-si it is possible
-chi it is probable
When different third persons are used, switch referent is used:
ripu-spa-n miku-n when he walks, he eats (same person)
ripu-pti-n miku-n when he walks, he eats (different persons)
Both Aymara and Quechau distinguish between first person inclusive/
Both Aymara and (Cuczo and Bolivian) Quechua use ejective stops.
Quechua has clearly borrowed it from Aymara (it is thought that the
features mentioned above are of Aymara origin too).
I hope this is something that helps you