Re: possessors (was: Re: More about the morphology...)
|From:||Christophe Grandsire <grandsir@...>|
|Date:||Monday, August 30, 1999, 6:48|
JOEL MATTHEW PEARSON wrote:
> On Fri, 27 Aug 1999, Fabian wrote:
> > > long form short form
> > >
> > > my (inanimate) -(u)darc /(@)d@Rk/
> > > -(a)c /(@)k/
> > > my (animate) -(u)tarc /(@)t@Rk/
> > This morphology looks decidedly Arabic. Here is the Maltese version:
> > ktiebi - my book
> > ktiebek - thy book
> > ktiebhu - his/its book
> > ktiebha - her/its book
> > ktiebna - our book
> > ktiebkom - your book
> > ktiebhom - their book
> Indicating the person/number of the possessor by adding a suffix
> to the possessed noun is actually extremely common. There's nothing
> peculiarly Arabic about it. Malagasy does it too, as does my conlang
> Malagasy: ny tranoko "my house"
> ny tranonao "your house"
> ny tranony "his/her/their house"
> ny tranonay "our (Excl) house"
> ny tranontsika "our (Incl) house"
> ny tranonareo "your (Pl) house"
> Tokana: te katiama "my house"
> te katiako "your house"
> te katiana "his/her house"
> te katiakma "our house"
> te katiakia "your (Pl) house"
> te katiasa "their house"
> (Note that "ny" is the Malagasy definite article "the", while
> "te" is the Tokana singular inanimate determiner.)
> This strategy for indicating the possessor seems to be
> particularly common among verb-initial languages like Malagasy,
> as well as languages which were once verb-initial and preserve
> a lot of verb-initial characteristics, like Arabic and Tokana.
> But it's also widespread among languages of other types. I would
> even venture to say that it's just as common as having a separate
> set of possessor pronouns, like English "my", "your", etc.
What you said is strange. I decided to have verb-initial word order and
possessive suffixes, but I those were seperate decisions.
Philips Research Laboratories -- Building WB 145
Prof. Holstlaan 4
5656 AA Eindhoven