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USAGE: enclitic -n = him/ it

From:Ray Brown <ray.brown@...>
Date:Tuesday, February 1, 2005, 18:48
On Monday, January 31, 2005, at 08:17 , Andreas Johansson wrote:

> Quoting Carsten Becker <naranoieati@...>: > > >> (1) _'n_ appended to a verb can also mean "ihn" (him) in my >> ideolect (_'ne_ in the regional dialect) or also "denn" >> ... but this is another story. > > Cool! I can't recall hearing this in German, but my Swedish lect does, on > the > surface, the same thing; it suffixes _-'_ to a verb for "him".
> The enclitic _-n_ can also mean "it" as object, but whether this is a > generalization of _han_ for inanimates
Very interesting. In the colloquial Sussex dialect of my youth we also appended -n for 'him' and, more often, 'it'. I have always assumed that this was a survival of OE masc. acc. _hine_ (the standard 'him' is from the old dative), and that its use for 'it' was a generalization of -n. Ray =============================================== =============================================== Anything is possible in the fabulous Celtic twilight, which is not so much a twilight of the gods as of the reason." [JRRT, "English and Welsh" ]