USAGE: enclitic -n = him/ it
|From:||Ray Brown <ray.brown@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, February 1, 2005, 18:48|
On Monday, January 31, 2005, at 08:17 , Andreas Johansson wrote:
> Quoting Carsten Becker <naranoieati@...>:
>> (1) _'n_ appended to a verb can also mean "ihn" (him) in my
>> ideolect (_'ne_ in the regional dialect) or also "denn"
>> ... but this is another story.
> Cool! I can't recall hearing this in German, but my Swedish lect does, on
> surface, the same thing; it suffixes _-'_ to a verb for "him".[snip]
> The enclitic _-n_ can also mean "it" as object, but whether this is a
> generalization of _han_ for inanimates
Very interesting. In the colloquial Sussex dialect of my youth we also
appended -n for 'him' and, more often, 'it'. I have always assumed that
this was a survival of OE masc. acc. _hine_ (the standard 'him' is from
the old dative), and that its use for 'it' was a generalization of -n.
Anything is possible in the fabulous Celtic twilight,
which is not so much a twilight of the gods
as of the reason." [JRRT, "English and Welsh" ]