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Re: articles

From:Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>
Date:Monday, January 31, 2005, 21:43
Quoting Carsten Becker <naranoieati@...>:

> (1) _'n_ appended to a verb can also mean "ihn" (him) in my > ideolect (_'ne_ in the regional dialect) or also "denn" > ... but this is another story.
Cool! I can't recall hearing this in German, but my Swedish lect does, on the surface, the same thing; it suffixes _-'_ to a verb for "him". It's historically from acc _han_ "him", but the corresponding non-cliticized form synchronically is _honom_, originally dative. Similarly, _-na_ "her" goes back to an old accusative _hana_, and looks unconnected to the modern independent accusative/dative _henne_. The enclitic _-n_ can also mean "it" as object, but whether this is a generalization of _han_ for inanimates back in the days when Swedish had a German-style three-gender system, or connects to _den_ "it", I do not know. For neuters, the form is _-t_ or _-et_. Andreas


Ray Brown <ray.brown@...>enclitic -n = him/ it