|From:||Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>|
|Date:||Monday, January 31, 2005, 21:43|
Quoting Carsten Becker <naranoieati@...>:
> (1) _'n_ appended to a verb can also mean "ihn" (him) in my
> ideolect (_'ne_ in the regional dialect) or also "denn"
> ... but this is another story.
Cool! I can't recall hearing this in German, but my Swedish lect does, on the
surface, the same thing; it suffixes _-'_ to a verb for "him". It's
historically from acc _han_ "him", but the corresponding non-cliticized form
synchronically is _honom_, originally dative. Similarly, _-na_ "her" goes back
to an old accusative _hana_, and looks unconnected to the modern independent
The enclitic _-n_ can also mean "it" as object, but whether this is a
generalization of _han_ for inanimates back in the days when Swedish had a
German-style three-gender system, or connects to _den_ "it", I do not know. For
neuters, the form is _-t_ or _-et_.