Re: Anadewism? Reflexive case
|From:||Trent Pehrson <pehr099@...>|
|Date:||Monday, February 7, 2005, 16:31|
On Thu, 20 Jan 2005 00:16:11 -0500, Estel Telcontar
>I just had an interesting conlang feature idea, inspired by my syntax
>The textbook points out that (in English) *Dantes accused can't be
>interpreted so that Dantes is both the accuser and the accused.
>Now, I know that some languages have reflexive verbs that indicate that
>the subject is also the object.
>But what if a language marked this by having a morpheme that was like a
>case marker that indicated that an argument was both subject and
>object, called, say, "Reflexive case"?
>For example, as in the following spur-of-the-moment sketch:
>Skampa (a name)
>Epsi (another name)
>Nominative case: no suffix
In idrani, pronominals are actually morphemes which are attached to deed-
words (the closest thing Idrani has to verbs)as prefixes. These can be
reflexive. So 'he' is the agentive form of 1st person, human, singular,
and 'ehe' is the reflexive version of the same. So, if we prefix 'he' to
the deed word 'nakesh' which roughly translates as *see*, we
get 'henakesh' meaning roughly *I see*. When we add the reflexive
pronominal 'ehe' to 'nake' we get 'ehenake' which roughly translates as *I
Idrani also has agent-patient pronominal affixes which are not reflexive.
For example (as mentioned above) 'he' is roughly *I* and 'ta' is agentive,
2nd person, human, singular. By conjoining the onset 't' from 'ta' to the
agentive pronominal 'he' we get the agen-patient pronominal 'het' which
translates as *I[agent]-you[patient]*. Affixing this to 'nakesh' as above
we get 'hetnakesh' which roughly translates as *I see you*.
>Accusative case: -ma
>Reflexive case: -kin
>(Free word order)
>Skampa accuses Epsi:
>Skampa kalte Epsima ~ Epsima kalte Skampa ~ kalte Skampa Epsima (etc.)
>Epsi accuses Skampa:
>Skampama kalte Epsi ~ Epsi kalte Skampama ~ kalte Skampama Epsi (etc.)
>Skampa accuses himself:
>Skampakin kalte ~ kalte Skampakin
>Epsi accuses himself:
>Epsikin kalte ~ kalte Epsikin
>Anyone know of an ANADEWism for this?
>Post your free ad now! http://personals.yahoo.ca