Future Spanish: update
|Date:||Saturday, August 21, 1999, 1:10|
Here are the latest developments in Future Spanish
(tentative name: _Ispan'ol_ [1hp@'n^ol]).
Phonology: I'm having trouble deciding which sounds are
phonemes and which are just allophones of others. In any
case I have the following phones:
Stops: p b t d t^ d^ k g
Nasal: m n n^ N
Frics: f s s^ x h
Frics:* B D z z^ G
Apprx: w j w^ 3
^ marks palatalization.
*These are, in principle, allophonic; [B D G] appear only as
allophones of [b d g], as in present-day Spanish. [z] appears
as the voiced version of [s] after a nasal. [z^] is the palatal
counterpart of [G].
Stops: unvoiced stops become voiced after a nasal.
Nasal: most syllable-final nasals shift to the PoA of the following
consonant; word-final nasals usually don't follow this rule.
Frics: [s^] appears from [s] becoming palatal before a front vowel,
and from present-day Spanish [S] (written <ll>, <y>). [h] is usually
an allophone of syllable-final [s].
Apprx: [w^] is [j<rnd>]; it derives from final [B] when a front final
vowel has been elided.  is a velar approximant, deriving from
final [G] when a central or back vowel was elided.
Grammar: there'll be a lot of vowel alternation due to the law of
palatal spread, by which=20
(i) a front vowel palatalizes the previous consonant, if it's
one of [t d D l n s z x G].
(ii) a vowel that is followed by a palatal consonant is
(iii) rule (i) and (ii) are cyclically applied.
I'm seriously thinking of having a 'construct state' developing from
noun + _de_ 'of'. _De_ is already clitic in present-day Spanish, and
the /d/ is often elided. In Ispan'ol, nouns ending in a vowel will
change it to a diphthong in the construct state. The diphthong will
be reduced to a pure front vowel, which will sometimes palatalize the
previous consonant, which will... etc.
I'm toying with some very heavy influence from Japanese (from a Japanese
colony in the Patagonia, settled around the year 2060), including a
shift to SOV order and postpositions... But that seems very unlikely.
Do you know of any natlang that has changed pre- to postpositions in
historical times? Another influence I was thinking about was a calque
of the Japanese _heya no naka_, _ki no ue_, etc. (noun + genitive +
location noun), which has a near parallel in Spanish shift from
prepositions like _tras_ to phrases like _atr=E1s de_. What do you think
of all this?