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Re: Fyksland Headline News Weekly - 200207

From:Kvasir - Vaijskä <kvasir@...>
Date:Wednesday, February 20, 2002, 17:21
--- In conlang@y..., Andreas Johansson <and_yo@H...> wrote:
> Kvasir wrote > > > >Pronunciation on common Fyksian names appearing in Fyksland News: > >Vaijskä [faisk] - Fyksland (conventional english name) > >Kaansä [ka:nz] - Kaans (conventional english name) > >Niekopenhaag ['ni.ekop@nha:x] > >Jølantä ['jølant] > > > > Any motivation for those silent final a-trema? Recent loss of final vowels? > > Andreas
The ä and ö in Fyksian are different from those in other Scandinavian languages. The trema in many cases acts more like a marker. Final ä's are there to aesthetically keep ending consonants in check. First-syllable ä and ö indicate unstressed syllable while ö at the end of an adjective turns it into a verb. Consonant and vowel suffixes are added systematically to words to indicate time, number, case, and gender. Without the ä, suffix ending could get very ugly. Ex.: kohnä - royal, things to do with the monarchy (root); ['ko=n] köhnät - king; [kont] kohnäte - king (genitive); ['kont@]; Ex: kohnäte kleidin niena - the king's new clothes kohnäte - queen; ['kont@] köhnätør - queen (genitive); [koh'=nt2]; Ex.: köhnätør verdsedag - the queen's birthday kohnäa - royal (adj. inanimate); ['kohna]; Ex.: korlsä kohnäa - royal palace Note: Genitive suffix "e" is added to a noun ending in a consonant; "r" is added to a noun ending in a vowel. Vowel(s) following ä also affect(s) the consonant that preceeds the ä: Ex.: arpä - tree; [arp] -> arpäen - trees; ['arb@] mølkä - milk; [m2lk] -> mølkäi - milk (partitive); ['m2lgi] So far, the above examples dealt with ä in the root, which are the results of weakening, or even loss of final consonants and vowels through the ages as Andreas has mentioned. The same principles are applied to verbs and adjectives. ä is added if the word ends in 2 consonants after a suffix is added. Ex.: høt - hot (root); [h2] høtnä - hot (1st person masculine) ['h2t=n]; Ex.: pøn høtnä - I am (feel) hot. høta - hot (3rd person inanimate) ['h2ta]; Ex.: pea høta - it is hot. A sidenote: høtöul - to heat (root: høtö); ['h2to:l] høtön - I heat; ['h2ton] hetöte - she heats; ['h{tot@] heetöt - he heats; ['h9to] First syllable is always stressed like in Finnish unless otherwise maked by ä and ö. Then the stress falls on the next syllable. Ex.: köhnätør - queen (genitive); [koh'=nt2] havnä - harbour, port; ['haf=n] hävnäulenhet - habour facility [haf'nulenJ{] hävnslog - quarantine; [ha'f=nslox] Note: ä is lost since "quarantine" is not a compound noun. As you can see, the ä and ö actually play important roles in Fyksian morphology. -- Get your firstname@lastname email at