Re: Serial verbs (was Re: Marking nouns with person?)
|From:||Yahya Abdal-Aziz <yahya@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, September 10, 2005, 8:26|
> From: theiling
> Sent: Friday 9 September 2005 21:12 pm
> To: yahya
> Subject: Re: Serial verbs (was Re: Marking nouns with person?)
> Yahya Abdal-Aziz writes:
> > On Thu, 1 Sep 2005, Chris Bates wrote:
> > [snip]
> > > ... I have a switch system
> > > which is partly used to describe different aspects of complex events,
> > > kindof like serial verbs in some Asian languages.
> > Hi Chris,
> > Could you give me an example of what you mean by serial verbs?
> It's a grammatical construction where a sequence of verbs, sometimes
> takingh an additional object are juxtaposed/serialised to all
> contribute to total meaning. If you will, a sequence of verbs is
> interpreted as being one. As David shown, it can be used to extend
> the number of arguments (e.g. in 'to give'; other languages might use
> adjuncts instead, like English often does).
> I'll give you another example from Mandarin:
> wo3 hui2 jia1.
> I return home
> wo3 lai2 jia1.
> I come home
> wo3 hui2 lai2 jia1.
> I return come home
> 'I come back home.'
> For motion verbs, such constructions are very frequent in Mandarin.
> kan4 = to watch (also: to see (conciously, interpretingly, for
> a visit), to read, ...)
> qu4 = to go to
> qu4 kan4 = to visit
> Compare English 'go get' ~ 'fetch'.
Thank you, Henrik.
Your Mandarin examples make the concept perfectly clear,
and I can think of several more examples in Mandarin, eg
(approximate Wade romanisations only; yes, I'm that old!)
ch'u lai = to go
k'an chien = to look
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