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THEORY: [CONLANG] Compounded compounds.

From:And Rosta <and.rosta@...>
Date:Saturday, June 30, 2007, 12:20
Dirk Elzinga, On 29/06/2007 03:08:
> The Compound Stress Rule should provide a way to disambiguate > compounds. Try this one: 'Chinese art dealer'. If the intended reading > is "a dealer of Chinese art", the constituency will be [[Chinese art] > dealer] and one might expect main stress on 'Chinese'. If the intended > reading is "an art dealer from China", the constituency is [Chinese > [art dealer]], and the expected stress will be on 'art'. > > (My intuition is actually a bit different from what the Compound > Stress Rule would predict. For the first reading, "a dealer of Chinese > art," I find that compound stress is on 'art', but word stress for > 'Chinese' is on the second syllable. For the second reading, I find > that the "Rhythm Rule" has applied and, while compound stress is still > on 'art', word stress for 'Chinese' is now on the first syllable. That > is, 'Chinèse árt dealer' vs 'Chìnese árt dealer'. I just asked my > wife, and it appears that the intuitions are rather subtle here. But I > stand by mine.)
??? Since _Chinese_ is an adjective, stress should be [[Chinese ART] dealer] and [Chinese [ART dealer]]. And since _art_ is stressed in both, shift from chiNESE to CHInese shd occur in both. I can't think how the Compound Stress Rule could disambiguate compounds (except where there is an adjective/noun ambiguity) by virtue of main stress. But it should be able to disambiguate through secondary stress, e.g. 'SOUP kitchen ,spoon attack "the kind of spoon attack one learns in a soup kitchen" with secondary stress in contrast to 'SOUP kitchen spoon attack "attack with a soup kitchen spoon", "attack with kitchen spoon performed with soup" without secondary stress. What would you say is the best reference on the stress patterns of English noun--noun syntagms? (Best in the sense of grappling with full complexity of the data.) --And.