Development of Silindion verbal inflection
|From:||Elliott Lash <erelion12@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, March 15, 2006, 14:07|
As I have shown before many times, in Silindion there
are two main endings for the 3rd person singular [in
the present tense], namely, -n and -r.
tek¨¦n "he praises X"
an¨¢r "he promises"
mir "he falls"
nen "he gives X"
The main difference between them is often that -n is
for transitive verbs (not universal however) and -r is
for intransitive verbs (not universal as well).
What I'm beginning to understand is that, in some time
in Silindion's past it must have had a SPLIT
inflection system of some sort. This can account for
the less than straightforward distribution of -r and
-n. (I'm not sure exactly how, but it's a start of a
Anyway, beyond this assumption of an ancient split
system, I also think that the basic divisions in
inflection for Silinestic (Silindion's immediate
predecessor) must have been the following:
predicate with two arguments:
*tekk-Vm nistad lawando-m
praise-3A/3P king[AGENT] hunter-[PATIENT]
"the king praises the hunter"
predicate with one argument:
*an-Vr nistad gelet¨¥-di
promise-3S king[SUBJECT] gold-[GENITIVE]
"The king promises gold"
[this is intransitive, really "makes a promise of"]
predicate with no arguments:
praise.stative-[empty 3s] hunter-[GENITIVE]
"The hunter is being praised"
"There is praising of the hunter"
(the verb here is a n-stative derivative of the root
TEKK "praise". N-statives as derivatives are very
archaic, and mostly have become grammaticalised as
passive 3rd singular presents in Silindion. One
n-stative which is still derivational is <ser-n- "to
be ready"> as opposed to <ser- "to prepare">)
So, this means that the suffixes -Vm and -Vr may be
compound suffixes, -V-m and -V-r, with -V being an
empty 3rd singular, -m relating that 3rd singular to
an object, -r relating it to a subject. Found by
itself, the verb remains neutral as to argument count.
Is this at all plausible?
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